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LA ARMADA PARAGUAYA EN DETALLE

By Dipl.-Ing. Hartmut Ehlers

Lo siguiente no proveera de un listado completo de todos los buques y embarcaciones que tuvo la segunda armada. Esto seria casi imposible ya que muchos de los archivos de cada buque y otra documentacion simplemente se ha "desvanecido" en los pasados cien años. El apartado 5.1 describe algunos buques seleccionados con un máximo de datos tecnicos y de su carrera, el apartado 5.2 contiene todas las otras unidades con informacion que van desde datos tecnicos completos a solo datos marginales o simplemente su nombre. Los datos publicados fueron derivados de archivos de la armada paraguaya y algunas otras pocas fuentes confiables, no se ha hecho uso de datos contenidos en libros de referencia navales.

Los numerales NC que se hallan en el texto siguiente o luego de los nombres de algunos barcos son numeros de cñasificacion, introducidos por la marina a fines de la decada de 1960 con propositos administrativos. El sistema detras de estos numeros identifica a lso buques y embarcaciones por tipo y secuencia de su introduccion en la armada.

5.1  Buques seleccionados, en detalle


 PIRAPÓ

Three-mast screw gunboat

Displacement: 262 t normal, 296 t full load

Dimensions:    Length 34.2m pp, breadth 6.7m, draught 2.1m

Main machinery:  1 steam reciprocating engine by Messrs. Penn & Sons, London; 60 PS (44 kW),
1 boiler, 1 shaft

Speed:             7-8 knots

Complement:  63

Armament:      4 - 30pdr (in Italian service)

History

Started life as the second class gunboat CONFIENZA[1] of the Royal Sardinian Navy. Laid down 1859 by Foce SY, Genoa, and launched 31 Mar 1860.

She was already on 22 Jan 1861, after having joined two days earlier the union forces of Cavour and Garibaldi battling for Italy’s unification, in action against the besieged fortress Gaeta. This city was the last stronghold of the Kingdom of Naples-Sicily under King Francesco II who opted against an Italian unification. During this action, CONFIENZA came as close as 200 m to Gaeta’s batteries and received considerable damage including a ruptured steam pipe, an underwater hit in the bows, a buckled main deck, an exploded gun, and boat davits shot away. There were miraculously only 1 dead and 2 wounded.

In early February 1861, due to her damage, the gunboat was chosen to be expended as an explosive ship against the fortress walls of Gaeta. Her commanding officer, Simone Pacoret di Saint Bon, was charged with the conversion. A brick wall was built deep in the ship as protection against shot, not less than 50,000 kg black powder filled in, and a 15-minute primer was installed. However, this action was suspended after the enemy kingdom capitulated. It was on 18 Feb 1861 annexed to the new Kingdom of Italy. Saint Bon was awarded the Cross of the Savoia Military Order for his conduct off Gaeta[2].

CONFIENZA officially became an Italian Navy vessel on 17 Mar 1861, the day of the constitution of the new navy. She was modernized at Ancona and re-launched on 10 Oct 1863. During the war of 1866 with Austria, the gunboat explored on 18 Jul the entrance of San Giorgio’s harbor on Lissa island. She then tried to cut the telegraph cable between Lesina island and the mainland, and on 19 Jul embarked soldiers and navy men from other ships so as to put them ashore at Val Novaposta on Lissa island. The 20th saw CONFIENZA, with the so-called “Wooden Squadron”, taking part in the famous Battle of Lissa against the Austrian fleet, but the gunboat did not come into action.

She was in February 1871 towed from Naples to Montevideo by the steam corvette CARACCIOLO[3] .

As part of the Italian “Divisione Navale del Plata”, she was employed on hydrographic and flag-showing duties in the River Plate system, mainly based on Montevideo. She was put on slip at Colonia in January 1876 for repairs and re-launched in March. When a magazine of the Argentine depot ship FULMINANTE, moored near San Fernando in the Río Luján, exploded on 4 Oct 1877, CONFIENZA provided medical assistance. During political unrests in the Argentine provinces of Santa Fé and Corrientes in November 1877, CONFIENZA deployed there in support of Italian nationals, and in January 1878 took several political refugees on board. She decommissioned at Montevideo in September 1879 for reasons of unserviceability, was later sold to Paraguay for slightly over 25,000 Pesos, and as a consequence stricken from the Italian Navy list on 28 Mar 1880.

The gunboat arrived at Asunción on 25 Nov 1881, and per decree of 9 Jan 1882 was renamed PIRAPÓ with Capitán de Fragata Domingo Antonio Ortíz in command, a veteran of the war 1864-70 and C.O. of YPORÁ in the battle of Riachuelo. Nothing could be found about her career after May 1888 (see chapter 3) and her ultimate fate remains unclear. 


 TACUARÍ

Gunboat [Cañonero]; former steam yacht.

Technical data

Displacement:      ~260 t light, ~310 t normal, ~360 t max. as a gunboat[4]; 400 t max. as a transport

Dimensions:         Length 39.38m pp, 41.00m oa, breadth 7.32m (7.63m max), depth 3.25m, draught 1.5 m light, 1.68m normal, 1.83m max. as a gunboat; 2.40m max. as a transport

Main machinery:  2 x vertical compound steam engines, 250 ihp (187 kW), 2 Yarrow boilers, 2 shafts;
coal 40 tons max. (as built), operating with wood during the Chaco War;        
finally two 4-stroke 6-cyl. diesels MaK MSu 36, each 136 kW (185 PS) at 375 rpm,
2 shafts (transport)

Speed:                 10, max. 13 knots (steam propulsion)

Electric:                2 diesel generators Deutz, each 30 kVA, 230V AC; 1 diesel generator Deutz 4.5kVA, 220V, 15A AC (as transport)

Complement:        74 (12 officers, 62 men) in 1915

                             55 (7 officers, 48 men) in 1926

Armament:           2-76mm Vickers, 2-57mm Hotchkiss, 2-37mm (2pdr) Maxim in 1926[5];          
2-76mm Vickers, 2-63.5mm Armstrong (2½in), 2-37mm (2pdr) Maxim in 1929
[6];

                            2-76mm Vickers, 2-37mm (2pdr) Maxim , 2 MGs in 1932-35; 
none as a transport

History

Built 1907 by Messrs. T. & J. Hosking, Ireland, as the steel-hulled yacht CLOVER[7]. Arrived in Paraguay in early Nov 1911 together with the gunboat CONSTITUCIÓN and the transport GENERAL DÍAZ.

The three former merchant vessels had been acquired in early 1911 in Europe to support an attempt to overthrow the Jara regime (refer to Para 3). Incorporated in the Paraguayan Navy December of that year as ADOLFO RIQUELME, named after the politician killed at Rosario in Mar 1911 during the revolution against the Jara regime.

At times served as a training ship. The gunboat saw action during the civil war of 1922/23 on the loyalist side. She bombarded rebel positions at Encarnación in the third week of Jun 1922 and again in the first week of Jul. She was forced to withdraw, however, after the capture of a landing party and suffering some damage from a rebel shore battery at Pacú-Cuá which consisted of one 75mm-Krupp gun and one 37mm-Maxim. She remained in the Upper Paraná until at least 1 Aug when a rebel SVA 5 aircraft attacked her and two armed tugs (avisos) without effect.

One month later, on 2 Sep, the gunboat shelled the rebel positions again, now forcing the enemy to retreat and to re-locate his artillery. On 5 Sep, a rebel boat tried to sink her with two improvised 100kg-torpedoes, but was destroyed by CORONEL MARTÍNEZ. Somewhat later, ADOLFO RIQUELME returned to Asunción where she embarked two 75mm-Armstrong guns, two 37mm-Maxim rapid-fire guns, 2 machine guns, and 150 men of the 6th Infantry Battalion. On 10 Sep, she sailed north again in company of the tug CASTELLI which towed a barge with another 150 soldiers. The troops disembarked on 13 Sep 1922 on the Isla de Medio close to Encarnación but, finding the island deserted, re-embarked. They finally disembarked on 16 Sep on the Isla del Paraná, where they dug a trench system and emplaced one Armstrong gun and both Maxims. The island then served as a base for dashes into rebel territory. On 20 Sep, in support of one such action, ADOLFO RIQUELME landed an infantry company at Caraguatá and took it aboard again the same day after mission accomplishment. During the following week, jointly with CORONEL MARTÍNEZ and the artillery on Isla del Paraná, she continuously provided gun-fire support against sporadic rebel railway traffic. The gunboat fought her last civil war action on 3 Oct 1922 when she repelled a rebel aircraft attack.

ADOLFO RIQUELME did initially not have a mainmast which was added during a refit in 1924/25 that also included modifications to the superstructure. Another big refit in 1927-30 brought visible alterations to the funnel top only. She was renamed TACUARÍ on 30 Jul 1930.

She was slipped again in May 1931 for urgent repairs to her bottom and re-launched on 28 Jul 1932 after accelerated works because the Chaco War with Bolivia had commenced. She already made her first trip north on 5 Aug 1932 with the barges IRENE and BAHÍA NEGRA, transporting elements of the 3rd Artillery Group. She was back at Asunción on 13 Aug where the last repairs were finished and sailed again on 18 Aug. She then came under the command of the 3rd Army Division HQ at Bahía Negra.

On 22 Dec 1932, while at Bahía Negra with boiler fires extinguished as a fuel (wood) saving measure, she was at 1100 hrs attacked by 2 Bolivian Curtiss CW.14R Osprey planes and one Curtiss Hawk II that came from Fortín Vitriones. The planes dropped 3 bombs, one of which exploded just 20 m away. They re-assembled over Brazilian territory for a second attack, now strafing and dropping 6 small bombs. During the third attack with 6 bombs and strafing fire again, TACUARÍ managed to hit one Osprey with her 37mm guns. It parted the formation, trailing black smoke, and eventually crashed on Brazilian territory. Of the 15 bombs dropped, 11 exploded near the ship. The commander of the Northern Sector, Coronel José Julian Sánchez, was killed during the attacks by a bomb splinter, but miraculously the crew remained unscathed. The surviving two Bolivian planes repeated the bomb attack twice on 24 Dec at 0800 and 1700 hrs, but were repelled without having inflicted damage to the ship that now was able to take evasive maneuvers. There were several wounded from strafing fire, however. The actions of 22 and 24 Dec produced a total of 29 splinter holes and 45 bullet holes. The gunboat was relieved from its Bahía Blanca station in mid-February 1933 by the aviso TENIENTE HERREROS. (Note: According to one Paraguayan secondary source, it was CNEL. MARTÍNEZ that relieved her and not TTE. HERREROS.) Several other transport missions followed, and TACUARÍ logged a total of 47 trips during the war, transporting (together with towed barges) 6,602 Paraguayan troops, 230 passengers, 480 Bolivian prisoners, 1,258 animals, and 1,653 t of cargo

After the war, TACUARÍ served again as a training ship and occasionally also as a transport until in 1938 the Naval Command ordered her converted into a yacht for President Estigarribia. In 1939, she was put on the slipway of the Naval Arsenal Asunción. However, after the accidental death of Estigarribia in 1940, the works were canceled. TACUARÍ then was during 1944/45 stripped of her engines and most upperworks and adapted as a cargo barge at the Naval Arsenal Asunción. Accordingly, she was in 1945 removed from the list of the (Gunboat) Flotilla and allocated to the Naval Transport Service[8].

In 1949, a decision was made that she be reconstructed as an armed naval auxiliary capable of trans­porting cargo and passengers with sufficient range to operate between the upper Paraná river and Buenos Aires. After a long time of inactivity since 1949, two propulsion diesel engines were purchased in 1952, and only in 1966 followed the purchase of generator sets and auxiliary machinery. Her total conversion cost was estimated at Gs. 8,668,900, according to a source of 1962. Meanwhile, President Stroessner had ordered the vessel rebuilt into her original state as gunboat again so as to have a national relic. However, the plan failed to materialize due to financial problems. Having spent lengthy periods on the arsenal slipway between 1952 and 1966, she could be re-launched on 30 Dec 1966 just in time to clear the site in conjunction with the beginning graving dock construction. TACUARÍ was still listed late 1978 as a self-propelled transport. It appears that she was converted into the dumb cargo barge CHATA 1 only in 1980, with August as month of delivery, since it was this month given as the date of the last docking and painting. Later renumbered CHATA 10 (hull number CH 10, NC. 2130).

Listed as out of service in the fleet list of 30 Nov 1999, and appeared in a slightly earlier COAPCOM list as "in regular state" and "under repair". Still extant in April 2003, lying high and dry at the COMTRANAV premises (see also CH-10 TACUARÍ at a later page).


 PARAGUAY, HUMAITÁ

Large Gunboats [Cañoneros] with light armor protection

Technical data

Displacement: 745 t normal design, 835 t full load (contract figures), c. 1,050 t max.

Dimensions:    Length 71.20 m oa, 70.15 m pp; max. breadth 10.50 m; depth 3.40 m; draught 1.67 m normal design, 1.80 m full load, 2.13 m max., 2.29 m (7½ ft) max. aft

Main machinery:  2 ahead and 2 astern Odero-Terni geared Parsons turbines, each 1,103 kW (1,500 PS) at 4,100/375 rpm, 2 Thornycroft-Schultz water tube boilers of 18 kg/m² working pressure with 8 m² total heating surface (replaced by Yarrow boilers of 18 kg/m²), 2 shafts

Speed:        17 knots (320 rpm) sustained, 13 knots (240 rpm) cruising, 12 knots (220 rpm) economical

Range:        2,822 nm at 17 knots; 170 t oil fuel, 220 t max.[9], 27 t gas oil

Electric:      1 steam-driven Franco Tosi-Legnano generator 33 kW (45 PS) at 3,000 rpm, 1 diesel driven 18-kW San Giorgio-Genova Sestri generator (as built); today 2 diesel generators MWM D207-4, each 37 kW (50 PS) at 2,500 rpm

Auxiliary:   1 Wade steam-driven boiler feed water pump serving both boilers, 500 t/h capacity;

                   2 Wade steam-driven boiler feed water pumps, one for each boiler, 200 t/h capacity each;

                   2 Wade fuel pumps, each 20 t/h capacity;

                   2 steam-driven Odero-Terni water pumps for condenser, each 400 t/h capacity;

                   2 Wade steam-driven forced lubrication oil pumps;

                   1 auxiliary forced lubrication oil hand pump;

                   1 Carrute (Italian) 4 PS electric pump, capacity 80 t/h;

                   1 steam-driven fire protection pump, capacity 200 t/h;

                   2 Wade piston pump air blowers, each 400 t/h capacity;

                   1 auxiliary air ejector, capacity 50 t/h.

Complement (as built):  Officers 15 (war & peace)

                                      Petty officers 18 (war), 12 (peace)

                                      Men 209 (war), 124 (peace)

                                      900 troops without heavy arms, 1,200 max.

          (as of today):       96 total

Armor:                   15mm belt amidships, none on deck, 20mm conning tower, 10mm gun shields[10]

Armament (as built):     4-120mm L/50 (twin, Odero-Terni); 3-76mm L/50 dual purpose (single, Odero-Terni); 2-40mm L/39 AA (single, Odero-Terni M 1928[11]);

                                  6 mines type Vickers “H” Mk. II (1 track, original Italian delivery);  6 heavy MGs added in 1932-35

          (as of today):      As above plus two gun tubs for single 20mm guns (no longer fitted) on top of the bridge in PARAGUAY;   
4-120mm L/50, 2-76mm L/50, 2-40mm L/60 (twin Bofors, Argentine model “B” M. 45) in B position, 2-20mm single Oerlikon in place of the 40mm L/39 in HUMAITÁ

Magazine capacity:       120mm - 200 rounds (max. 1,000); today 242

                                        76mm - 200 rounds (max. 1,200); today 305

                                        40mm - 1,000 rounds (max. 6,000); today 1,000 (Italian model)

Ship control stations:    Three steam telemotor steering mechanisms, controlled from bridge, armored conning tower, and aft of mainmast under after fire control station;

                                      One emergency manual control aft on main deck.

Fire control:                  Two stations (flag bridge and aft of mainmast), each equipped with one Odero-Terni synchronized director and one dual purpose 3-metre Odero-Terni stereo­scopic rangefinder

Searchlights:                 One 2,000W of 60cm diameter in crow's nest on foremast; two 500W of 40cm diameter on flag bridge

Radars:                          1/Navigation (PARAGUAY only)  

Armament notes:

The 120mm and the 76mm guns were all built in La Spezia in 1929. The maximum elevation of the 120mm is 45° and minimum -5°, firing a 45 kg projectile with 20,900m range at 800 m/s muzzle velocity; rate of fire 1 salvo every 16 seconds.

The maximum elevation of the 76mm is 85° and minimum -5°, firing a 3.5 kg projectile (complete shell weight 9.5 kg) with 9,400m anti-aircraft range and 15,000m surface range at 900 m/s muzzle velocity; rate of fire 10 rounds/min.

The 40mm/L39 guns have 80° maximum elevation and minimum -5°, 4,425m anti-aircraft range and 7,160m surface range at 610 m/s muzzle velocity, and a maximum rate of fire of 200 rounds/min. Complete shell weight 1.315 kg, magazine weight with 25 rounds 34.23 kg. The mount has a total weight of 472 kg.

Displacement note:

The contract displacement figures are broken down as follows (corresponding draughts given above are for freshwater) -

                                                          Normal design displacement (trials)   Full load displacement

Light ship weight                                                     621 t                                            621 t

Crew & effects, provisions, freshwater                        20 t                                              20 t

Ammunition + mines                                                22 t                                              22 t

Oil fuel                                                                    80 t                                            170 t

Consumables                                                            2 t                                                2 t

Total                                                                     745 t                                            835 t

 

History

PARAGUAY

Laid down 21 Apr 1929 at Odero, Sestri Ponente, Genoa, as COMODORO MEZA. Launched on 22 Jun 1930 with Doña Helena Zubizarreta de Gubetich as sponsor, and renamed PARAGUAY on 30 Jul 1930. The change of flags took place on 21 Jan 1931 and the gunboat left Genoa on 14 Feb 1931, arriving at Asunción on 5 May 1931. The ship was formally incorporated in the Navy by decree № 40.178 of 11 May 1931 and officially commissioned on 13 May 1931. Flagship of the Navy, distinguishing mark: 2 funnel bands. She started a first trials trip with an all-Paraguayan crew on 24 Aug 1931 to Puerto Casado. On the way back, she grounded at Piquete Cambá, coming free after 29 days without damage.

In the Chaco War 1932-35, PARAGUAY was employed as a transport without seeing action against Bolivian forces. As such, she commenced her first transport trip on 5 Aug 1932 and conducted a total of 10 such trips until 22 Dec of that year. During these trips, the gunboat transported 30,301 men and 160 t of cargo to the north, 2,009 Paraguayan troops and 188 Bolivian prisoners south, logging a total of 12,116 km and 644 steaming hours.

PARAGUAY played a prominent part in the first revolution after the Chaco War that broke out on 27 Feb 1936 and that the soldier-hero Coronel Rafael Franco had organized against President Eusebio Ayala. The Director General of the Navy, Capitán de Fragata Honorio Benítez, and the Chief of the Flotilla, Capitán de Corbeta Rudolfo Martínez, took the president aboard PARAGUAY for refuge. They fired harmless small arms salvos from PARAGUAY and HUMAITÁ as a show of resistance, threatening to aim the guns at the rebels' HQ if they refused to surrender. Reports from the city indicated that the government forces were steadily getting the worst of the fight and that many units had unexpectedly assisted the revolution. Hopefully, Martínez and Benítez changed sides and announced that the president was being held prisoner aboard the flagship until the government forces should surrender to the victorious Franco. This bold faced move failed to square them with Franco, however, and they were both ousted from the navy[12].

First overhaul in early 1937 at the Arsenal Naval Buenos Aires. PARAGUAY was in 1941 again in Argentine waters for a five month stay that included a general overhaul and maneuvers with the Argentine river squadron. She left Buenos Aires for Asunción on 17 Dec 1941.

In 1947, PARAGUAY was again in Buenos Aires for repairs with her sister. Here, she became again involved in a revolt against the Paraguayan government when rebel parts of the crews took control of the two ships on 7 May and sailed for Paraguay. This event, however, ended in internment at Itá Ibaté on 15 Aug 1947 (refer to Para 4 for details).

In September 1955, while in Buenos Aires again, PARAGUAY became involved in a successful revolt of the Argentine armed forces against Juan Perón. The Argentine president fled into the Paraguayan embassy, thence onto the ship. He finally flew to Asunción on 2 Oct 1955.

PARAGUAY had in 1968 a big refit including a moderate modernization in Rio de Janeiro (radar, gun tubs on top of bridge). However, in the same year she suffered a fire in boiler No. 1 (the forward one). In 1972 it became obvious that the turbines and boiler No. 2 had suffered unexpected significant collateral damage from the 1968 fire. The ship had to be withdrawn from active service and was relegated to alongside duties, since serving as a training ship for artillery, seamanship and new entry training with an additional ceremonial and representative role. PARAGUAY was overhauled in 1975 at the Naval Arsenal, docked again on 25 Jun 1980 and another time 15 Oct - 14 Nov 1993. Under COMFG control and still in good condition with the armament fully operational. Pennant number C 1 (NC. 2000). 

HUMAITÁ

Laid down 21 Apr 1929 at Odero, Sestri Ponente, Genoa, as CAPITÁN CABRAL. Launched on 16 Apr 1930 with Doña Virginia Cardozo de Bozzano as sponsor, and renamed HUMAITÁ on 30 Jul 1930. The change of flags took place on 21 Jan 1931 and the gunboat left Genoa on 14 Feb 1931, arriving at Asunción on 5 May 1931. The ship was formally incorporated in the Navy by decree № 40.178 of 11 May 1931 and officially commissioned on 13 May 1931. She commenced her first large trip in home waters on 22 Mar 1932, sailing to Bahía Negra where she arrived on the 25th and whence she returned on the 29th.

Employed as transport in the Chaco War 1932-35, distinguishing mark: 1 funnel band. She made her first trip north to Puerto Casado on 1 Aug 1932 with elements of the infantry regiment “Tres Corrales” on board. HUMAITÁ only once saw action against the enemy. This occurred in the afternoon of 22 Dec 1932 when 2 Bolivian Curtiss Osprey and Hawk planes (the survivors of the TACUARÍ attack in the morning) attacked her near Puerto Leda while en route to Bahía Negra. She failed to down any of the planes but could drive them away without receiving damage.

A little known episode of the Chaco War is directly linked to HUMAITÁ: The III. Army Corps that had laid siege to the Bolivian strongpoint Villa Montes on the northwestern Pilcomayo river front soon experienced the necessity for long-range artillery so as to destroy an important bridge, traffic ways, fuel depots, provision magazines, and other hostile installations. Nothing was available within the army, so the Ministry of Defense ordered the Arsenal administration in October 1934 to prepare everything necessary to remove the after 120-mm twin mount of the gunboat, construct a carriage, and to convey it to a point 16 km from the bridge, between Ima and Palo Marcado. The preparations were well underway and the gun shield already taken off when the further progress of the war rendered the effort unnecessary, and the task was abandoned.

In February 1936 the ship was involved in a rebellion against the government (see PARAGUAY) and in 1941 was overhauled in the Arsenal Naval Buenos Aires. In 1947, while lying at Buenos Aires together with PARAGUAY for repairs, the ship became again involved in a revolt against the government when rebel parts of the crews took control of the ships on 7 May and sailed for Paraguay. During the ensuing events, the gunboat sustained significant damage from a bomb hit and artillery fire. HUMAITÁ's role in this revolt ended in internment at Itá Ibaté on 15 Aug 1947.

HUMAITÁ had a big refit in the “Dársena Norte” of Buenos Aires between 30 Mar and 9 Dec 1954, and again between 9 Sep 1965 and 13 Jul 1966 at Ladário. An overhaul in 1974 at the Naval Arsenal Asunción included alterations to the armament, i.e. replacement of one 76mm by a twin 40mm mount and replacement of the 40mm L/39 by 20mm Oerlikons.

The gunboat was deactivated by Operational Order [Orden de Operaciones] № 04/983 of 28 Jun 1983 in need of boiler replacement, and since mainly served in the roles her sister also serves. HUMAITÁ took part in the military coup of 2/3 Feb 1989 against President Stroessner, having been towed from Sajonia to the Bay of Asunción, and fired at the government palace, the congress building [cabildo] and military strongholds.

Plans to render her a museum ship were first formulated in about 1996. In the event, HUMAITÁ was inaugurated as such on 6 Sep 2000 at Asunción, moored with pontoon PN 5 in the bay of Asunción off the government palace and with a nucleus crew. She still had participated in the independence day fleet review in May 2000 as an active unit firing the salute. As a museum ship, she was under the administration of the "Dirección de Comunicación Social de la Armada" (DICSA).

Still in good condition with the armament fully operational. Pennant number C 2 (NC. 2001). Recently moved back to Sajonia. Her place off the government palace was taken by TENIENTE FARIÑA (q.v.). 


CAPITÁN CABRAL

Patrol Vessel [patrullero].

Technical data

Displacement:      116 t light, 183 t max. (as built); 190 t light, 206 t full load (present)[13]

Dimensions (as built): Length 32.70m oa, 30.48m wl, 30.00m pp, breadth 7.16m (7.32m max.), draught 1.83m (1.98m max)

                   (present):  Length 33.90m oa, 30.10m pp, breadth 7.20m, depth 3.20m, draught 1.83m fwd, 2.13m aft (2.40m max.)

Main machinery:  1 steam VTE, 270 ihp (201 kW) at 300 rpm, 1 cylindrical return tube boiler, 1 shaft;
coal max. 30 tons (as built);   
now 1 diesel Caterpillar 3408, 365 hp (272 kW) at 1,800 rpm, 1 shaft

Speed:                 18.5 km/h cruising, 22 km/h max. (steam plant); 
20.5 km/h (11 knots) cruising, 22 km/h (12 knots) max.
(diesel)

Range:                 3,000 km (1,620 nm) with 18 t oil fuel (steam); 1,250 nm, 14.5 t (16.4 m³) fuel (diesel)

Electric:               1 diesel generator 15 kW DC, 1 diesel generator 5 kW DC with the steam plant; now
1 diesel generator MWM, 30 kVA, 380/220 V

Complement:       48 (8 officers, 40 men) in 1915;

                            43 (5 officers, 38 men) in 1926;

                            33 plus 80 troops today

Armament:          1-37mm Vickers (2pdr, initially , forward);        
1-76mm Vickers, 2-37mm Vickers (2pdr, in 1926), 3 heavy MGs added in 1932-35;
now 1-40mm L/60 Bofors, 2-20mm single Oerlikon, 2-12.7mm MGs

Radars:                1/Navigation

History

Built by Werf Conrad, Haarlem, The Netherlands, in 1907 as iron-hulled tug TRIUNFO; one of two tugs of the so-called “Dredging Train” ordered for river port construction in Paraguay. Early in her career under the control of the Capitanería General de Puertos for general towing and transport purposes besides work with the dredging train. Incorporated in the Paraguayan Navy sometime before or in 1911[i], retaining her original name. Initially rated as a coast guard vessel [Guardacosta], later listed as "Aviso de Guerra" respectively as “Aviso Nacional”. In the revolution of 1912, TRIUNFO was on the rebel side along with the other navy units (refer to Part I, Para 3), and carried supplies to rebel forces north of Asunción. Renamed CAPITÁN CABRAL on 30 Jul 1930 by decree № 37.592 in memory of Capitán de Navío Don Remigio del Rosario Cabral, a hero of the war 1864-70.

The vessel took part in the Chaco War, operating as a wood burner. She commenced her first transport trip on 7 Sep 1932 that took her from Remanso Castillo to Puerto Casado with elements of Infantry Regiment No. 6 “Boquerón”. She then patrolled the Paraguay River between Fuerte Olimpo and Colonia San Lazaro, being relieved from that task on 10 Jan 1933 by TTE. HERREROS. 

She was decommissioned for a big refit by General Order № 101 of 13 Aug 1936 with a nucleus crew of 1 engineer and 14 men. She was throughout her career frequently used as a training vessel. An example for an instructional voyage was the one undertaken from 1 Dec to 20 Dec 1945 with cadets of the "Agrupación Naval de la Escuela Militar" on board that took the ship with several stops along the Paraguay River down to Corrientes and Riachuelo in Argentina. CAPITÁN CABRAL (A-1) was during the revolt of 1947 on the loyalist side and in July 1947 helped to convey troops and artillery to the south in order to block the advance of the rebel gunboats PARAGUAY and HUMAITÁ that came from Argentina.

In 1957, CAPITÁN CABRAL made a long deployment towards the east (nowadays Ciudad del Este) and was in 1958 withdrawn from service. From 1960 she underwent a big reconstruction at the Sajonia Naval Arsenal, Asunción, which mainly comprised the boilers (change to oil fuel) and a large amount of structural areas including stepping of a tripod mast. Re-commissioned in 1964, still with pennant number A-1.

Again out of service in 1981, and commenced another big reconstruction. During the works, her wooden main deck was in 1983/84 replaced by a steel deck. The works also comprised the erection of a new superstructure, a new funnel, and a tripod mast, the replacement of the steam engine by a diesel, and a change of the armament to the present one[ii]. CAPITÁN CABRAL re-commissioned on 31 Aug 1985, now rated as a patrol vessel [Patrullero] with pennant P 1 (NC. 2070). At an undisclosed later date, a more modern raked stem was fitted instead of the old straight one, a cap added to the funnel, a radar platform added to the mast, and miscellaneous minor modifications carried out.

She took part in the military coup of 2/3 Feb 1989 against President Stroessner, firing from the Bay of Asunción at the government palace and the congress building. Her pennant number was in June 1989 altered to P 01[iii] (NC. 2020). In service with COMFG. During 2004 she was moored as a guard ship off the Vinas Cué military prison, and embarked in 2005 on another long deployment towards the east.



 

[i]   TRIUNFO already appears in a decree dated 9 September 1911, appointing Alférez de Navío D. Longino Lugo as C.O., and again in decree № 1518 of 14 January 1913, which appoints a Señor (!) Ruperto Garay as 2nd engineer.

                   [ii].. The ship had been reported in recent naval reference books as having a wooden hull but in fact is com­pletely made from steel. Papers found in the Arsenal files dating from 1937 clearly state that in this year some structural parts of the steel hull structure have been replaced along with portions of the wooden deck. Naval personnel could not recall if this vessel originally had had a wooden hull. Also other naval documen­tation says nothing. Her steam engine is preserved in the Naval Arsenal.

                   [iii].. "Jane's Fighting Ships 1989/90” still lists her with pennant no. A 1, in the issue 1990 /91 with pennant P 04 (ex A 1) and already in the next issue 1991/92 with pennant P 01 (ex P 04 ex A 1). However, no evi­dence could hitherto be found that the pennant P 04 has ever -even briefly- been carried. "Combat Fleets of the World" still lists her in the 1990/91 issue with pennant A 1, but already in the next issue 1993 with pennant P 01.


CORONEL MARTÍNEZ

Patrol Vessel [Aviso de Guerra].

Technical data

Displacement:      81 t normal, 98.5 t max., 66 ts stdd.

Dimensions:         Length 22.86 m oa, 21.81 m pp, breadth 5.49 m molded, 6.10m max., depth 2.52m, draught 1.52 m max.

Main machinery:  1 steam VTE, 200 ihp (149 kW) as built, 150 ihp (112 kW) after 1940 refit, 2 cylindrical return tube boilers, coal max. 25 t (wood burner in the Chaco War)

Speed:                 6.5 knots at max. displacement (10.5 knots designed)

Complement:       35 (5 officers, 30 men) in 1926

Armament:          1-76mm, 2-37mm; also 2-76mm Armstrong (1926) or 3-37mm;
                            2 heavy MGs added in 1932-35

History

Built by Werf Conrad, Haarlem, The Netherlands, in 1907 as iron-hulled tug PRESIDENTE BAÉZ; one of two tugs of the so-called “Dredging Train” ordered for river port construction in Paraguay. Early in her career under the control of the Capitanería General de Puertos for general towing and transport purposes besides work with the dredging train. She was in rebel hands during the revolution of 1912. Later renamed after Coronel José M. Martínez, a hero of the battle of Humaitá in the War 1864-70. Transferred to naval custody by presidential decree No. 4646 of 30 Mar 1916 (see also entry of CAP. BADO in chapter 5.2).

CORONEL MARTÍNEZ was active in the civil war of 1922-1923. In the morning of 1 Sep, she fought an artillery duel with rebel forces at Pacú-Cuá, on the Upper Paraná River close to Encarnación, at the point-blank range of 300 meters. The ship was not damaged but could inflict some damage and casualties on the rebel side. Loyal actions continued on 4 Sep 1922 when a landing force disembarked from CORONEL MARTÍNEZ and the requisitioned auxiliary patrol craft RIVADAVIA. The loyalists attacked the rebels positions at Itá-Cuá and a rebel airfield at Puente Alta, inflicting losses to the rebels and taking several prisoners. On the next day, CORONEL MARTÍNEZ destroyed a rebel boat that had the intention to sink ADOLFO RIQUELME with two improvised 100 kg- torpedoes. During the last September week, jointly with army artillery on the Isla del Paraná, ADOLFO RIQUELME and CORONEL MARTÍNEZ harassed rebel troops and sporadic railway traffic with artillery fire.

The gunboat took part in the Chaco War 1932-35 with Bolivia, mainly navigating between Florida on the Tebicuary river and Puerto Casado with towed barges. According to one Paraguayan secondary source, it was her that relieved TACUARÍ on the Bahía Negra station in February 1934 and not TTE. HERREROS (q.v.).

Had a complete overhaul in 1940. Occasionally seconded to the Naval Transport Service and was frequently on duty for the State Merchant Fleet, for instance towing the barge ASTRO with wood to Argentine ports below Asunción or to Montevideo, and returning with sugar, cement or other cargo. CORONEL MARTÍNEZ was on the loyalist side during the revolt of 1947 until captured by rebel forces on 1 August at Puerto Milagro. Abandoned by the rebels at Puerto Copacar on 18 Aug 1947.

Listed until about 1972 with pennant A-2, then became tug R-8 CORONEL MARTÍNEZ. Appears in a list of 13 Jan 1981[i] as semi-sunk in front of B.E.M. (Base de Embarcaciones Menores) and to be re-floated together with other units. Final fate?


 

                   [i].. "Lista de Embarcaciones de la Armada Nacional que deben ser Refloatadas y Desguazadas", issued by D.M.N. y A.. The list is divided into "Vessels to be re-floated" and "Vessels to be scrapped". Albeit R-8 is ordered to be re-floated, there is no order to scrap her which is the case for the other units to be re-floated.


TENIENTE HERREROS (I)

Patrol Vessel [Aviso de Guerra]

Technical data

Displacement:      42 t normal

Dimensions:         Length 19.30 m, breadth 3.36 m, depth 2.06 m, max. draught 1.68m

Main machinery:  Steam

Speed:                  5.5 knots

Complement:        2 officers, - men

Armament:           1 MG 7mm, Chilean model (peace); 2 heavy MGs added in 1932-35

History

Already extant in 1891. Iron hull, wood burner. Incorporated in the Paraguayan Navy sometime before 1913. Had a complete overhaul in 1929 at the Naval Arsenal Asunción, and took part in the Chaco War 1932-35 as a transport. At a time under the command of the 3rd Army Division HQ at Bahía Negra and patrolled the Paraguay River between Puerto Sastre and Fortín Galpón in the extreme north. On 10 Jan 1933 she relieved CAPITÁN CABRAL from patrol duties between Fuerte Olimpo and Colonia San Lazaro, and then relieved the TACUARÍ on the Bahía Blanca station in mid-February 1933 for the rest of the war. After the war at times seconded to the Naval Transport Service. Listed until about 1972 with pennant A-3. Final fate?

Named after Teniente 1° de Navío José Andrés del Carmen Herreros, C.O. of YPORÁ in the War 1864-70, who lost his life on 10 Jan 1865 at El Dorado in the Mato Grosso along with Alférez Pedro Garay and 23 men in the explosion of captured gun powder which they assembled for shipment to Asunción.


NANAWA, CAPITÁN MEZA, TENIENTE FARIÑA

Patrol Vessels; ex Argentine BOUCHARD class minesweepers [Rastreadores]

Technical data

Displacement:      650 t full load (original, later 679 t), 554 t light

Dimensions:                            Length 59.69m oa, 56.77m pp; breadth 7.31m, depth 3.55m, medium draught 2.74m, 2.27m light

Main machinery:  2 two-stroke diesels MAN G10 Z30/42, each 736 kW (1,000 PSe) at 350 rpm, 2 shafts

Speed:                 16 knots max, 8 knots (14.8 km/h) economical

Range:                 2,640/3,000 nm at 16/10 knots; 66 t fuel

Electric:                Two 6-cyl. generator diesels G.M. Mod. 6261-A series 71, 90hp/60kW at 1,200 rpm, with generator DELCO Mod. F 6064 240V DC, 250A; 1 emergency generator diesel MAN 50kW, 230V

Complement:       106, later reduced to 63; capacity for 300 troops

Armament (as built):     2-100mm L/47 (single, Argentine type), 2-20mm (single), 2-7.65mm MGs;

                                      later changed to 4-40mm L/60 Bofors (2 twin), Argentine model “B” M. 45 with 3,024 rounds;

                                      2-12.7mm MGs added in Paraguayan service

Radars:                 1/Navigation

History

NANAWA

Built for Argentina as BOUCHARD by the "Arsenal de la Base Naval de Río Santiago", Río Santiago, La Plata. First unit of a class of 9 ships ordered at a price of 900,000 Pesos each. Launched 20 Mar 1936 and commissioned 27 Jan 1937 with pennant M-10. This pennant was soon changed to M-7[18].

Attached to the 1st Minesweeping Division at Puerto Belgrano. Between May and July 1947 helped to guard (with sisters PARKER & SPIRO) the Paraguayan large gunboats PARAGUAY and HUMAITÁ in the Guazú Canal of the Paraná River which were involved in a revolt against the Paraguayan government. New armament fitted in 1952.

BOUCHARD was placed in reserve by order № 119/63, and by decree № 7896 of 20 Sep 1963 trans­ferred to Paraguay. In February 1964 officially handed over and with an Argentine crew sailed to Asunción where the change of flags and the official re-commissioning ceremony took place on 14 Mar 1964. The ship was renamed NANAWA (pennant M 1, NC. 2020), commemorating the battle of Nanawa of 20 Jan 1933 which was a decisive one during the Chaco War with Bolivia. Re-rated as a patrol vessel [Patrullero] in June 1989 with the new pennant number P 02[19] (NC. 2021). Under COMFG control. 

CAPITAN MEZA

Built for Argentina as SEAVER by the shipyard "Astillero de Hansen y Puccini", San Fernando, Buenos Aires. Launched 24 Aug 1938 and commissioned 20 May 1939 with the pennant number M-12.

New armament fitted in 1952. Stricken by decree № 8700 of 20 Nov 1967 and put up for disposal by sale. By order of the Naval Operations Command dated 1 Feb 1968 SEAVER was destined for sale to Paraguay, with the order subsequently ratified by decree № 1155 of 5 Mar 1968. SEAVER left Puerto Novo on 4 May 1968 in company with PY (refer to TTE. FARIÑA) for the voyage to Asunción where the change of flags and the official re-commissioning ceremony took place on 6 May. The ship was renamed CAPITÁN MEZA (pennant M 2, NC. 2021) after the first C-in-C of the Paraguayan fleet in the Triple Alliance War.

Re-rated as a patrol vessel [Patrullero] in June 1989 with the new pennant number P 03 (NC. 2022). Based for a time at Rosario and at Bahía Negra. By order No. 119 of 23 Nov 1991 earmarked for withdrawal from service and stricken on 28 Jan 1992. Remained at Bahía Negra for some more time as an immobile accommodation ship but was soon moved to the Naval Arsenal, Asunción. Scrapping was authorized by order No. 408 of 2 Dec 1994 and commenced in 1995, being finished in the graving dock in early 1997. 

TENIENTE FARIÑA

Built for Argentina as PY by the "Arsenal de la Base Naval de Río Santiago", Río Santiago, La Plata. Launched 31 Mar 1938 and commissioned 1 Jul 1939 with the pennant number M-10. Initially attached to the Training Division of the Naval School, then to the 1st Minesweeping Division at Puerto Belgrano.

New armament fitted in 1954. Stricken by decree № 8700 of 20 Nov 1967 and put up for disposal by sale. By order of the Naval Operations Command dated 1 Feb 1968 PY was destined for sale to Paraguay, with the order subsequently ratified by decree № 1155 of 5 Mar 1968. PY left Puerto Novo on 4 May 1968 in company with SEAVER (refer to CAPITÁN MEZA) for the voyage to Asunción where the change of flags and the official re-commissioning ceremony took place on 6 May 1968. The ship was renamed TENIENTE FARIÑA (pennant M 3, NC. 2022) after the hero of the War 1864-70. Based for a time at Bahía Negra. Re-rated as a patrol vessel [Patrullero] in June 1989 with the new pennant number P 04 (NC. 2023). Under COMFG control. In recent years she relieved HUMAITÁ (q.v.) from her place off the government palace at Asunción. 


ITAIPÚ

Patrol Vessel [Patrullero]; Brazilian RORAIMA class

Technical data

Displacement (freshwater):     260.670 t light, 401.715 t full load, 452.332 t max.

Dimensions:                            Length 46.30m oa, 45.00m pp; molded breadth 8.45m, 8.58m max.; depth 2.50m; mean draught 1.005m light, 1.595m full load (condition “A”)

Main machinery:  Two 12-cyl. diesels MAN V16/18TLS, each 725 kW (986 PS) max at 1,600 rpm, 645 kW sustained, 2 shafts

Speed:                 11 knots (20 km/h) max, 9.5 knots cruising

Range:                 3,200 nm/11 knots, 4,420 nm cruising, 30 days; 85 t (106.8 m³) fuel

Electric:               2 generator diesels G.M., 125 kVA; 1 emergency generator diesel MWM, 45 kVA

Complement:       9 officers, 42 men plus 30 marines; max. 200 troops

Armament:          1-40mm L/60 Bofors Mk. 3 Mod. 4, 4-12.7mm MGs, 2 mortar/MG combinations 81mm/12.7mm Mk.2 Mod. 0;       
2,000 rounds 40mm, 480 grenades 81mm, 18,000 rounds 12.7mm

Aircraft:  Platform for 1 light helicopter (Helibras HB-350B/UH-50 Esquilo)

Radars:  1/ Navigation

History

A contract for the construction of one unit at the "Arsenal de Marinha de Rio de Janeiro" (AMRJ) was concluded 6 Oct 1982 and announced on 11 Apr 1983. Laid down 30 Mar 1983 as yard no. 109, launched 16 Mar 1984 at 1500 hrs and accepted 2 Apr 1985 (flag raising ceremony). First trials commenced on 14 Feb 1985, final trials 25 Mar 1985.

ITAIPÚ sailed from Rio de Janeiro on 17 May 1985, carrying the two new Helibras HB-350B/UH-50 Esquilo helicopters for the Navy, and was formally commissioned at Asunción on 11 Jul 1985 with President Stroessner attending. She participated in the coup d’etat on 2/3 Feb 1989, firing mortar shells on the central police station in downtown Asunción that was held by more than 200 loyal police and could not be reached by direct gunfire. First pennant number P 2 (NC. 2071), in June 1989 changed to P 05 (NC. 2024). Under COMFG control.  


BOQUERÓN

Command Ship [Buque Comando] and Light Forces Tender; former USN Medium Landing Ship.

Technical data (as an LSM, unless stated otherwise)

Displacement: 1,144 t full load, 755 t landing, 528 t light;   
                        902 t full load, 743 ts std., 513 t light (in Paraguayan service)

Dimensions:           Length 63.10m oa, 62.06 m wl, 60.83m pp; molded breadth 10.52m, 11.00m max; depth 4.04m, full load draught 1.98m fwd, 2.59m aft);      
full load draught in Paraguayan service 1.30m fwd, 1.74m mean, 2.18m aft (salt water)

Main machinery:  2 diesels Fairbanks-Morse 38D8Q-10 cyl, each 1,074 kW (1,440 bhp) sustained at 750 rpm, 1,193 kW (1,600 bhp) max, two 3-bladed props 1.34 m Ø;

                            Original diesels later replaced by two 6-cyl. Hanshin diesels;

Speed:                 13.3 knots max, 9.5 knots cruising

Range:                 2,650 nm at 10 knots; 150 t (186.8 m³) total fuel capacity (originally 72 t); 47.843 m³ fresh water capacity

Electric:           2 generator diesels Stork-Werkspoor ROK 156, each 199 kW (270 PSe) at 1,200 rpm;

                        1 emergency generator diesel MWM, 33 kW (45 PS) at 2,500 rpm

Auxiliary:        1 boiler Cleaver Brooks model 0-B-5M;

                        1 evaporator E. B. Badger and Sons Co., model X-2

Complement:  4 officers, 54 men (USN); 35 (Arg. as BDM), 71/max. 126 plus 1,000 troops (Paraguay)

Armament:      2-40mm L/56 (twin), 4-20mm (single) in USN service;

                        None as BDM, 2-40mm L/56 (twin) as CORRIENTES;

                        In Paraguayan service 2-40mm L/60 Bofors (twin), 1-40mm L/60 Bofors (single),  4-20mm Oerlikon (single); the 20mm were later exchanged for 2-12.7mm MGs, and 2-47mm L/40 Armstrong saluting guns.

Aircraft: Platform for 1 light helicopter (Bell 47G, HB 350B)

Radars:  1/Navigation

Fire control:    1/GFCS Mk 51

Radars:           1/Navigation

Aircraft:          Platform for 1 light helicopter (Bell 47G, HB 350B)

 

History

Built for the US Navy as LSM-86 by the Brown Shipbuilding Co., Houston, Texas. Launched 15 Sep 1944, commissioned 13 Oct 1944. at Terminal Island, Calif., on 4 Mar 1946.

Sold to Argentina for 120,000 USD and taken over 10 Sep 1948 at Terminal Island, Calif., as BDM № 2 (pennant Q 70).

After repairs at a private shipyard at San Pedro left for Argentina on 18 May 1949 in convoy with the ex-USN LCILs BDI 1, BDI 2, BDI 3, BDI 4 and BDI 15 and arrived at the Río Santiago Naval Base on 25 Jul 1949.

After the acquisition in 1967 of 6 British TON Class minesweepers it was decided to convert the ship into a mine warfare tender [Buque Apoyo Minador], a task performed 1968-69 by the Arsenal Naval Buenos Aires. The ship re-commissioned as CORRIENTES (pennant Q 70) with Puerto Belgrano as homeport. Already stricken for disposal in June 1971 and laid up at Buenos Aires.

Sold to Paraguay as an helicopter carrier [Portahelicópteros] with a flight deck for one light helicopter added aft, and on 1 Jan 1972 sailed to Asunción where she arrived on the 13th. The change of flags took place on the 18th of that month. With the new name BOQUERÓN (pennant P-H, NC. 2071) the ship served as light forces tender and mobile heliport on the Paraguay River[20].

Assumed pennant number B.C.1 (NC. 2010) on 1 Apr 1975 with her subordination as a command ship under COMFG control (COMAR order of the day No. 36). For a time based at Puerto Rosario. Her last active deployment took place between 12 and 14 Apr 1988 when she was towed from Sajonia to Rosario and back. The propulsion plant and the steering gear were no longer operational.

A COMFG note of 2 Dec 1994 deals with the possible further use of the vessel, also considering her use as a tank and cargo barge because of her large tank capacity. Decommissioned by Special COMAR Order № 119 of 21 Dec 1995. Ex-BOQUERÓN thereafter was stripped of some material at the Naval Arsenal Asunción and then used for a considerable time as a depot by COMTRANAV until her sales permission was granted by order No. 174 of 5 Jun 1998. A DIRMAT note of 29 Jun 1998 estimates her scrap value at $32,000 U.S.. She was sold to Messrs. “Empresa Lineas Panchita G.”, Asunción, and lay ashore on the COMTRANAV premises at Sajonia in May 2000. In April 2003 she was already partially dismantled with the main diesel engines removed. Scrapping was finished by 2004.  


GUARANÍ

Naval transport and training vessel [Transporte Naval and Buque Escuela Ultramar, B.E.U.]

Technical data

Measurement: 714 ts gross, 314 ts net, 1,047 tdw, 1,776 t full load

Dimensions:    Length 73.60m oa, 65.60m pp, molded breadth 11.10m, molded depth 6.10m,   
max. draught 3.66m

Main machinery:  One 8-cyl. diesel MWM BRH-348AV, 956 kW (1,300 PS) at 375 rpm

Speed:                  10.5 knots service, 12.5 knots max

Range:                  9,600 nm; 182 t fuel

Electric:                3 generator diesels MWM RHS-518V, each 61 kW (83 PS) at 1,800 rpm

Complement:        20 + 7 trainees

Cargo capacity:    839.81 t metric

Armament: None

Radars:       1/Navigation

History

A typical coastal freighter with 2 holds built as yard no. 101 by "Astilleros Tomás Ruiz de Velasco", Bilbao, Spain. Launched as CERRO CORA, but later renamed GUARANÍ. She commenced sea trials on 29 Dec 1967, and was accepted for the Naval Transport Command on 29 Jan 1968 (COMAR Order of the Day № 11). No pennant number assigned (NC. 2103). After the flag raising ceremony at Bilbao on 1 Mar 1968, she sailed on 10 Apr 1968, arrived at Montevideo on 5 May 1968, and entered national waters on 13 May.

Although acquired for naval transport duties, the ship used to spend most of her time as a freighter on the Asunción-Europe run until 1990, commercially operated for the Navy. During these voyages, which took her as far as Hamburg in Germany, GUARANÍ regularly had naval trainees and cadets embarked to provide seagoing experience.

On a home-bound voyage from Hamburg end-November 1973, with 21 men on board, an engine room fire broke out on 2 Dec on a position 250 nm southwest of the French port of Brest, killing 2 of her crew. The crew abandoned ship and was rescued by the Soviet tanker LENINABAD (16 men) and the Danish cargo vessel AVEIRO STAR (3 men). Towed to Bilbao, Spain, by the German salvage tug ALBATROS of “Bugsier Towing”, arriving on 8 Dec. Repaired and refitted in 1974 by "Astilleros Olaveaja", Spain. In July and August 1978 GUARANÍ underwent engine repairs at "Bartels & Lüders", Hamburg. Since 1991 she has only been used for river service Asunción-Montevideo following the expiry of her classification certificate. Her last such trip was in Sep/Oct 2000.

Originally painted gray overall, but in December 1997 the ship had a new livery consisting of a gray hull with white upperworks which she still had in April 2003. Inactive as of 2008 and moored at Punta Remanso on the eastern river bank directly underneath the Transchaco Bridge; her berth at Sajonia was taken by HUMAITÁ (q.v.).


5.2 Other Ships, Minor Units and Watercraft  

CONSTITUCIÓN

Gunboat, former ocean-going freighter

Measurement 645 grt, length 53.6 m, breadth 9.1 m, depth 3.2 m, 1 steam VTE 195 ihp (146 kW);
123 crew (19 officers, 104 men).

The armament of 1912 comprised one 7.5in (190mm) Vickers gun, mounted on a platform over the forward hatches[21].

Remarks - Built 1907 by Messrs. R. Thompson & Sons Ltd., Sunderland, as British ARIZONA. In 1911 sold to Belgium as ZEEBRÜGGE. In the same year acquired by Paraguayan interests together with ADOLFO RIQUELME and GENERAL DÍAZ to support an attempt to overthrow the Jara regime (refer to Part I, Para 3).

ZEEBRÜGGE sailed from Antwerp in the night of 12 Oct 1911, cleared for Port Stanley, Falkland Islands. Her cargo comprised 250 t of military supplies including the 7.5in Vickers gun which later became her main armament, three 3in naval guns, and 6,000 rifles. There were also two British and five “Spanish” passengers on board with a certain Arricos as a head. Instead of going to the Falklands, the vessel headed for the La Plata estuary. Arricos had the guns now mounted on deck, and the Belgian crew learned of the true intentions of the mission. Reaching the mouth of the Río de la Plata, the Brazilian flag was hoisted, the hull repainted, and the name changed to COIMBRA. Thanks to heavy fog, the vessel managed to pass Montevideo and Buenos Aires without attracting attention. The Belgian crew were compelled to obey orders, fearing to be treated as pirates if the vessel was intercepted. They continued to negotiate the ship upriver, and the vessel’s name was again changed, now to CONSTITUCIÓN. When the Paraguayan border was reached in early November, the British captain declared that the men were free to leave or to join the “expedition”. Despite financial inducements, the Belgians instead made their way to Buenos Aires and thence to Antwerp, where they arrived on 31 Dec 1911.

By the time of CONSTITUCIÓN’s arrival in Paraguayan waters, however, Jara had been overthrown. The ship was in December 1911 officially incorporated in the Paraguayan Navy, retaining her name.

In the revolution of 1912, the ship joined the rebel forces together with the entire fleet. As part of a three-ship contingent off Pilar, CONSTITUCIÓN ran aground at the mouth of the Pilcomayo River after having attacked loyalist positions at Punta Itá Pyta. The crew managed to refloat her, with Argentine assistance, the following day.

Sold c. 1917. An unconfirmed source states that in 1919 she was the French general cargo ship MARECHAL FOCH, becoming Egyptian DELTA in 1925 and again MARECHAL FOCH in 1928. Became Italian ENOTRIA in 1934, and on 20 Aug 1941 was torpedoed by the British submarine UPHOLDER near Cape San Vito. 


CAPITÁN BADO

Aviso [Aviso Nacional].

Her first mentioning is found in presidential decree No. 4646, issued by the Treasury Department [Ministerio de Hacienda] on 30 Mar 1916. Here it is decreed that the steamer CORONEL MARTÍNEZ (q.v.), presently serving in the so-called dredging train, be transferred to the jurisdiction of the Ministerio de Guerra y Marina as a replacement for GENERAL DIAZ, and that CAPITÁN BADO take the place of CNEL. MARTÍNEZ in the dredging train.

Named after José Matías Bado, hero of the war 1864-70 and cavalry squadron leader, who fell severely wounded into Brazilian hands after he gallantly fought with his 200 men against an overwhelming enemy force on 29 Aug 1868 in defense of the main crossing of the Tebicuary River. After medical treatment, he opened his wounds so as not to become prisoner and subsequently died.

Her last trace appears in conjunction with the planned construction of the new naval arsenal in 1925 where she was to be repaired (refer to Para 5.5). 


ITÁPIRÚ (I)

Aviso, 14 crew (3 officers, 11 men).

One of the first units of the Second Navy. By presidential decree № 6983 of 23 Oct 1917 disposed of for public sale together with GENERAL DÍAZ. However, she sank in March 1918 and was raised in December[22]

. No records exist of the ship after 1918.  


PIRABEBÉ

Aviso [Aviso Nacional]

No data except that the vessel appears in several orders of the “Ministerio de Guerra y Marina”. The first such order, M.1.No. 30. dated 26 Nov 1915, appoints a stoker of CONSTITUCIÓN for serving one com­mission in PIRABEBÉ. The last order found, M.1.No. 5.- dated 19 Jan 1923, deals with the necessity of still keeping her in service with 14 crew. The very last trace of the aviso appears in conjunction with the planned construction of the new naval arsenal in 1925 where she was to be repaired (refer to Part I, Para 4.5). 


CAPITÁN ORTIZ, TENIENTE ROBLES

Fast patrol boats

Technical data

Displacement: 48.5 t full load

Dimensions:    Length 22.86m oa, 21.60m wl, breadth 5.48m, draught 1.22m fwd, 1.83m aft (props)

Main machinery:  3 diesels MTU 12V331 TC81, each 1,193 kW max at 2,340 rpm, 3 shafts

Speed:                 40 knots max, 17 knots cruising

Range:                 360 nm at 40 knots, 1200 nm at 17 knots; 8.63 m³ fuel

Electric:               2 generator diesels Ford, each 30 kW at 1,800 rpm, 220/230V

Complement:       12

Armament:      1-20mm Oerlikon aft, 1-12.7mm MG fwd, 2-7.62mm MGs (bridge)

Radar:             1/Navigation Decca 926

Remarks - Taiwanese early HAI OU class fast guided-missile craft with design based on the Israeli DVORA class but with slightly different hull form. Aluminum construction, built by "China Shipbuilding Corp.", Kaoshiung, Taiwan.

Originally commissioned 31 Dec 1977 as FAGB-3 and FAGB-4, the craft were decommissioned in 1994 and donated to Paraguay without missiles and associated equipment. They arrived at Asunción in early November 1994 and were formally commissioned on 16 Nov.

FAGB-3 became CAPITÁN ORTIZ (P.06, NC. 2025), named after Capitán de Navío Domingo Antonio Ortiz, hero of the War 1864-70 and first C.O. of PIRAPÓ (1882, q.v.). FABG-4 became TENIENTE ROBLES (P.07, NC. 2026), named after Teniente de Navío Ezequiel Robles, another hero of the War 1864-70 who was mortally wounded as C.O. of MARQUÉS DE OLINDA in the battle of Riachuelo. Both under COMFG control. 


YHAGUY, TEBICUARY

Patrol craft, pennant numbers P.08 (NC. 2027) and P.09 (NC. 2028), respectively.

GRP construction, displacement 25t full load, length 16.10m oa, breadth 4.50m, depth 1.60m, draught approx. 1.00m (props).

2 - 6-cyl. diesels Caterpillar 3406E, each 596 kW, max. 40 knots. 

Remarks - Donated by Taiwan, named after rivers. Arrived at Asunción onboard a cargo ship on 26 Apr 1999, and were formally commissioned on 23 Jun 1999. Have a machine gun tub forward, and can carry about 16 passengers in aircraft-type seats. Both under COMFG control. Two sisters procured by Gambia from Taiwan also in 1999. 


LP 07, LP 08, LP 09, LP 10, LP 11

River patrol craft [Lanchas patrulleras, Tipo Arsenal]

Displacement:      18 t full load

Dimensions:         Length 14.70m oa, 14.00m wl, breadth 3.06m, depth 1.40m, mean draught 0.85m

Main machinery:  1 diesel General Motors (Detroit) series 6071-M, 125kW (165bhp) at 1,800rpm, 175kW (235bhp) at 2,100rpm, Allison hydraulic reduction gearbox 1.5:1,
1 four-bladed propeller 0.65m Ø

Speed:                 22 km/h max. in still water

Range:                 400 km at 20 km/h

Electric:               1 alternator coupled to engine, 1 transformer 220 V/12 V DC, 2 batteries 12 V

Complement:       4

Armament:          2-12.7mm MGs Browning M 2 QCB

Radar:                  None

Remarks - Built in the Naval Arsenal Asunción, steel construction, 5 compartments, lines derived from S/O R. LESME (q.v.). Originally a program for a series of 13 craft, initiated by DIMANA order No. 4/987 of 22 May 1987, which was terminated after delivery of only 5 craft. First unit cost USD 150,000. All are now under Coast Guard (PGN) control.

LP 07 ex P 07 (NC. 2048): First steel cut October 1987, launched March 1989, commissioned early 1990. In 2000 based on Lake Itaipú [Lago de Itaipú], upper Paraná River. . In Jul 2005 the craft figured as LP 107 in an Invitation to Tender for the refurbishment of 2 Detroit dieselsLP 08 ex P 08 (NC. 2049): Launched 3 Feb 1990, in service 10 Sep 1990. In 2000 based at Bahía Negra.

LP 09 ex P 09 (NC. 2050): Launched 3 Feb 1990, in service 10 Sep 1990. In 2000 based at Isla Margarita.

LP 10 ex P 10 (NC. 2051): Launched 2 Oct 1991. In 2000 and in 2003 based at Asunción.

LP 11 ex P 11 (NC. 2052): Launched 2 Oct 1991. In 2000 based at Encarnación. 


LP 101, LP 102, LP 103, LP 104, LP 105, LP 106

River patrol craft [Lanchas patrulleras]

Displacement: 8.62 t

Dimensions:    Length 12.30m oa, 12.05m pp, breadth 3.80m, depth 1.60m, draught 0.92m

Main machinery:  2 diesels General Motors (Detroit) series 6071-M, each 125kW (165bhp) at 1,800rpm, 175kW (235bhp) at 2,100 rpm, 2 shafts

Speed:        23 knots max, 18 knots cruising

Range:        190 nm at 23 knots; 750 liters fuel

Complement:  6; capacity for 25 troops

Armament:      2-12.7mm MGs Browning M 2 QCB

Radar:             None

Remarks - U.S. 40-ft Sewart 701 type, aluminum construction. Builders Sewart Seacraft, Berwick, La.. Ordered for Paraguay with USN numbers, and transferred under MAP (Military Aid Program). Received "PT" pennants in Paraguayan Navy service which were changed to "P" before 1975, and later to "LP" when the craft came under Coast Guard (PGN) control. There are minor differences in superstructure details and in the shape of the portholes in the hull between the first two and the rest.

LP 101 (NC. 2040) ex P 101 ex PT-101 (NC. 2030) ex 40PB673: Delivered Dec 1967. In 2000 based at Asunción.

LP 102 (NC. 2041) ex P 102 ex PT-102 (NC. 2031) ex 40PB674: Delivered Dec 1967. Initially based at Isla Yacareta under navy control, in 2000 based at Villeta with occasional spells at Asunción. In Apr 2003 under refit at the Naval Arsenal Asunción. After a refit in 2007 renamed S/O AC MIGUEL SOTOA and based at Asunción.

LP 103 (NC. 2042) ex P 103 ex PT-103 (NC. 2032) ex 40PB701: Delivered Sep 1970. Initially based at Asunción under navy control, in 2000 on Lake Itaipú.

LP 104 (NC. 2043) ex P 104 ex PT-104 (NC. 2033) ex 40PB702: Delivered Sep 1970. Out of service 1989-93 for repairs at the naval Arsenal Asunción, before that based Itápirú under navy control. In 2000 based at Concepción. In Apr 2003 had just completed another refit at the Naval Arsenal Asunción.

LP 105 (NC. 2044) ex P 105 ex PT-105 (NC. 2034) ex 40PB703: Delivered Sep 1970. Out of service 1989 for repairs at the Naval Arsenal Asunción. In May 2000 again there since Oct 1997, and still so in Apr 2003 without engines, still displaying old pennant number P 105. By 2007 the craft was in service again (near Asunción), having been named TTE. DE MARINA MANUEL TRUJILLO with pennant LP 01.

LP 106 (NC. 2045) ex P 106 ex PT-106 (NC. 2035) ex 40PB7010: Delivered Mar 1971. Out of service 1989 for repairs at the Naval Arsenal Asunción. In 2000 based on Lake Itaipú.


PT-110, PT-111, PT-112, PT-114, PT-115, PT-116, PT-117

Patrol launches.

Wood, displacement 6.7 t (light), length 11.12m oa, breadth 3.20m (max), 3.0m (wl), depth 1.75m, draught 0.60m, 0.97m (props).

1 diesel General Motors series 6071-A, 149 kW (200 bhp) at 2,000 rpm.

Remarks - Former Army craft, design 243B. Built 1953, delivered from the U.S. in 1972 under MAP[23]. Ordered disposed of already in 1978[24].

PT-110, PT-111, PT-116 ordered scrapped by D.M.N.y A. order No. 15/978 of 8 May 1978. PT-114 ordered stricken 4 Jul 1978 by D.M.N.y A. order No. 132, and ordered scrapped by D.M.N.y A. order No. 5 of 13 Jan 1981, listed therein as beached in front of D.S.Ing.A. (Dirección del Servicio de Ingeniería de la Armada). 


P 1, P 2, P 3, P 4, P 5, P 6

Patrol launches, apparently former USN 45-ft. picket boats.

Wood, displacement 16 t (fl), length 13.95m oa, breadth 4.17m (max), draught 1.12m (max, props), 5 crew, 2 MGs (twin mount).

2 - 12 cylinder gasoline engines (Hudson Invader or Hall Scott Invader 168), each 186 kW (250 bhp) at 2,100 rpm, 2 props 533mm Ø, 20 kts; range 275 nm at full power, fuel capacity 375 gallons.

Delivered under lend-lease in 1944[i]. Apparently hulls C20417 thru C20419 and C20421 thru C 20423. Four were still in the inventory in early 1956, and P 1 and P 2 in the early 1960s.


 

                   [i].. The various U.S. Naval Attaché reports of that period do not provide details except report R68-44 (11 Dec, 1944) mentioning a length of 45 ft, and R 11-45 (17 Feb, 1945) which mentions these boats again, stating that "the six lend-lease picket boats are all anchored along shore at Sajonia, Paraguayan Naval Base at Asunción, and have not been used because of the shortage of fuel".

                        “Jane's 1949-50” lists these craft as ex-USCG 20417, 20418, 20419, 20421, 20422 and 20423, giving 45 tons displacement and 83 ft length. In fact, a photograph of the 83-ft patrol boat USCG 455 (later USCG 83305) found in the DICSA archive carries on the back the English pencil remark “The navy wants 10 of these”. Obviously, an intention to acquire up to 10 such craft had come to the attention of Jane’s but in the event the deal came to naught.

Later issues give 16 tons and 45 1/2 ft which would be consistent with R68-44. According to “Les Flottes de Combat 1968”, the power plant consisted of 2 gasoline engines of 290 PS (213 kW). However, if the USCG numbering scheme for their small craft, in which the first two digits denote the length, is taken as an assessment basis, the picket boats were only 20 ft long. With this figure one would arrive at a typical displacement between c. 2.5 and a maximum of c. 3.5 metric tonnes.


L.P.1

Patrol launch, ex ANSELMITA.

Steel, displacement 8.2 t full load, length 14.20m oa, 14.00m pp, breadth 2.80m, depth 1.30m, draught 0.65m (fwd), 1.00m (props); 7 crew.

One 4-stroke 4-cyl. diesel Selve D 4 BW, 33.5 kW (45 bhp) at 1,350 rpm, 41 kw (55 bhp) at 1,500 rpm, 10 knots, 0.43m³ fuel. 1 electric alternator type R.F.C. 130/52 coupled to the engine, 1 battery 12 V.

Remarks - A veteran of the Chaco War 1932-35. donated to the Navy by Messrs. Apesteguia y Barte. Listed as out of service at Encarnación as of 1989 (NC. 2037, finally most probably NC. 2047). 


LP-2 GRUMETE REYES

Patrol launch.

Iron, length 13.0m, breadth 2.3m, depth 0.9m, draught 0.6m max.

Hull ordered transferred to the A.N.N.P. (Administración Nacional de Navegación y Puertos) by special COMAR order No. 5 of 25 Jan 1979, executed Oct 1979. 

Now possibly the launch LH-1 of the A.N.N.P..


L.P.3 GRUMETE CORRALES

Patrol launch.

Steel, displacement 5.0 t full load, length 10.70m oa, 10.10m wl, 9.80m pp, breadth 2.70m, depth 1.40m, draught 0.62m; 5 crew (7 max.).

Originally one 4-stroke 4-cyl. diesel Selve D 4 BW, 33.5 kW (45 bhp) at 1,350 rpm, 41 kW (55 bhp) at 1,500 rpm, 10 knots, 0.35 m³ fuel, range 600 km. 1 electric alternator type R.F.C. 130/52 coupled to the engine, 1 battery 12 V; later  
1 diesel G. M. series 6071-A, 149 kW (200 bhp) at 1,800 rpm, 8 knots (?); 0.35 m³ fuel, range 300 km.

Original armament 1-7.65mm MG type Colt.

Remarks - Launched 1 Sep 1960 by the Naval Arsenal Asunción. Cost 1,307,867 Guaranies. Was to become the first in a series of six craft which in the event was terminated after delivery of the first craft L.P.3. Last docked Dec 1979; c. 1989 listed as out of service at Encarnación (NC. 2036), Nov 1999 again listed as out of service there (NC. 2046). 


L.P.4, L.P.5

Patrol launches. No data except that L.P. 5 had a Borgward diesel with 106 PSe (78 kW) at 2,200 rpm (D.M.N. list of 29 Nov 1978). 


CLARITA, MANUEL, YPORÁ

Launches. No data except that No. 2 was on the 1915 navy list (in reserve) with 5 crew, while No. 3 appears in order M.2.№ 4 dated 21 Feb 1924 of the “Ministro de Guerra y Marina” ordering that “the arsenal direction proceed as fast as possible to bring the launch YPORÁ in navigable condition”. No. 1 participated in the Chaco War 1932-35 . 


H 1

One Isotta-Fraschini ASSO gasoline engine of 200 PS (147 kW), 100 km/h in still water.

Wooden stepped planing boat, technically also referred to as hydroplane [hidroplano]. Built during the Chaco War by “Astilleros San José”, Asunción, under the auspices of the Ministry of Industry. Admin­istered by the Navy and manned with 2 crew. The boat was used as a very fast transport for urgent loads of up to 500 kg at the theaters of operations, e.g. between the battle front of Nanawa and Concepción. These loads typically comprised munitions, explosives, severely wounded, etc.. No further trace. 


BAHÍA NEGRA

Transport, side-wheeler.

Built in 1886 for the French company “Platense Cíe. des Chargeurs” as POLLUX. As such took part in the Chaco War 1932-35. Later renamed BAHÍA NEGRA, and still later received the pennant T-2 (NC. 2100). Last docked 1955(!), and stricken as unserviceable by COMAR order No. 58/978 of 15 Mar 1978. Ordered re-floated and scrapped by D.M.N.y A. order No. 5 of 13 Jan 1981 (however listed with pennant T-3[26]), listed therein as semi-sunk in front of B.E.M.. 


GENERAL CABALLERO

Transport, 600 t.

Launched June 1885 at the shipyard of Don Andrés Scala at Asunción. Named after President Bernardino Caballero, general and hero of the war 1864-70. No trace in Paraguayan sources concerning her further career and final fate. It is possible that she was renamed at a later date[27]. 


GENERAL DÍAZ

Transport.  De paletas laterales.

In 1911 acquired by Paraguayan interests in Europe together with ADOLFO RIQUELME and CONSTITUCIÓN to support an attempt to overthrow the Jara regime (refer to Para 3). Arrived in Paraguayan waters early in Nov 1911, carrying the majority of military supplies acquired in Europe. These included six 75mm-field guns and twelve machine guns. Like the other two vessels, GENERAL DÍAZ was almost eight months too late to support the abortive uprising. Immediately incorporated in the Navy and named after General José Eduvigis Díaz, hero of the War 1864-70 and in command of Curupayty during the battle of 22 Sep 1866.

In ready reserve as of early 1915 with a nucleus crew of 19, and by Mar 1916 obviously removed from the strength (refer to the entries of CNEL. MARTÍNEZ and CAP. BADO). By presidential decree № 6983 of 23 Oct 1917 disposed of for public sale together with ITÁPIRÚ (I). No records exist of the ship after this date. 


GILDA

Steamer. 520 grt, 48.5 x 8.0 x 3.4 m, steam VTE 175 ihp (130 kW)

Built in 1906 by Messrs. v. Vliet & Co., Hardinxveld, The Netherlands, as British BOREAS. Renamed FOAM QUEEN in 1911. , and in the same year GILDA (owners: Leopold Waldorf & Co., London) Still in 1911 sold to Paraguay. No additional data except that the vessel figures on the 1915 navy list (in reserve) with 5 crew. After sale in about 1916 became Chilean GILDA. Destroyed by fire 11 Nov 1941 at Ancud, Chiloe Island. 


INDEPENDENCIA

Armed transport, also mentioned in “Conway’s All The World Fighting Ships 1906-1921”[28]. No additional data. There is no trace of this vessel in official Paraguayan sources assessed by the author. 


LIBERTAD

Armed transport, ex Paraguayan merchant vessel SAJONIA. No additional data.

Active in the revolutions of 1908, 1911, and 1912. There is no trace of this vessel in official Paraguayan sources assessed by the author. 


LUDOVICO

Steamer. 650 grt, 60.0 x 10.4 x 3.2 m, steam VTE 181 ihp (135 kW)

Built in 1908 for Argentine account by Messrs. Brown & Co. Ltd., Greenock, as LUDOVICO. Probably acquired during the revolution of 1911. No additional data except that the vessel figures on the 1915 navy list (in reserve) with 5 crew. Sold in about 1916, and reported lost under Chilean flag already on 11 Jul 1916 in Bahía Rosasi. 


MARISCAL ESTIGARRIBIA

Transport. 444 grt, length o.a. 47.17 m (154’9”), beam o.a. 7.98 m (26’2”).

Built 1883 by Harland & Wolff, Belfast, as LA NIVERA. Later renamed ASUNCIÓN R, then URUGUAY II, and ultimately DAYMÁN when owned by Messrs. “Cia. Arg. de Nav. Mihanovich” in the early 1930s.

She was taken up from trade with the beginning of the Chaco War in July 1932, and served as a naval manned transport until the war ended in June 1935. At an undisclosed later date, the vessel was officially taken over by the Navy and renamed MARISCAL ESTIGARRIBIA after General José Felix Estigarribia, leader of the Paraguayan army in the Chaco War.

Had a complete overhaul in 1940. Occasionally performed duties for the State Merchant Fleet. No records exist of the ship after 1947, when she was active in the revolt of that year. 


TENIENTE PRATT GILL

Paddle transport, ex POSADAS ex EDELIRA. 102 t displacement, 275 grt, 36.6 x 6.2 x 1.7 m 

Built 1895 at Buenos Aires as EDELIRA. Took part in the Chaco War 1932-35 as POSADAS (owner: Mihanovich, Asunción). Commissioned in the Navy on 8 May 1937 after a complete refit in the Naval Arsenal, and was on 11 May 1937 renamed  TTE PRATT GILL[29]. Had a complete overhaul in 1940. In April 1947, during the revolt of that year and with rebel naval fugitives aboard, she came under attack by loyalist aircraft and was forced to beach in burning and sinking condition in the Brazo Ñaró, an arm of the Paraguay River, near the mouth of the Pilcomayo River. There were several casualties. No records exist of the ship after 1947. 

TENIENTE HERREROS (II)

River transport [Transporte fluvial, originally denominated balandra de carga]

Displacement: 360 t normal

Dimensions:    Length 37.80m oa, 33.97m pp, breadth 9.00m, depth 2.20m, draught 1.83m

Main machinery:  Two 6-cyl. diesels MWM RHS-256, each 185 PS (136 kW) at 750 rpm, 2 shafts

Speed:   13 knots max, 11 knots cruising

Range:   3,500 km; 15 t fuel

Electric: 2 generator diesels Lister JP-6MA, each 52kW/1,200 rpm,

              1 emergency generator diesel Lister FR-2MA, 9.5kW

Complement:  14-16; capacity for 200 troops

Cargo capacity:    120 t

Armament:           None

Radar:                  None

Remarks - Built 1964/65 by the Naval Arsenal Asunción as PRESIDENTE STROESSNER which name was after February 1989 changed to the present one. Pennant T 1 (NC. 2102). Under control of COAPCOM-COMTRANAV. In 2003 without engine and used as barge with tug R-5 ANGOSTURA.

A planned sister T 2 was in 1967 completed as CHATA 7 (q.v.). 


BT-1, BT-2

River transports, ex-U.S. Utility Landing Craft LCU 501-1465 series.

Displacement: 320 t full load, 258 t design, c. 145 t light

Dimensions:    Length 36.30m oa, 32.00m wl, 30.06m pp; breadth 10.00m max, 9.75m wl; depth 3.05m, draught 1.02m forward, 1.20m mean

Main machinery:  Three 6-cyl. diesels Gray Marine 64YTL-3, each 168 kW (225 bhp) at 2,100 rpm,      
3 shafts (700 rpm)

Speed:                 8 knots max, 6 knots cruising

Range:                 originally 700nm at 7 knots; in Paraguayan service 3,500 km; 11 t fuel

Electric:      2 generator diesels G.M. series 2-71 coupled to a generator Delco-Remy 20 kW, 120 V DC

Auxiliary:   1 diesel engine to operate the bow ramp

Complement:       15; accommodation for 8 troops or drivers

Cargo capacity:   originally c. 136 t (150 short tons) max., plus 27 t freshwater

Armament:          None (2-20mm as LCU)

Radar:                  None

Remarks - Vessels of this type were originally rated as Landing Craft, Tank, Mark VI (LCT(6)). The designation changed to Utility Landing Ships (LSU) in 1949, and to Utility Landing Craft (LCU) on 15 Apr 1952.

At the end of their USN career, both units were employed as USN ferry boats at Guantánamo until trans­ferred by lease in June 1970. Both were put in the docking well of the Argentine landing ship CÁNDIDO DE LASALA[30] which departed Guantánamo on 2 Jul and arrived at Buenos Aires on 29 Jul 1970.

Here, the Paraguayan craft were unloaded and went upriver to Asunción under their own power. Employed on logistic duties, and purchased outright 1 Feb 1977.

   BT-1 (NC. 2121) ex YFB-82: Built as LCT(6)-1040 by Bison S.B. Corp., Buffalo, NY. Keel laid 22 Mar 1944, launched 2 Apr, and delivered 13 Apr 1944. Saw action in the Mediterranean during WW II. Reclassified YFB-82 on 18 May 1958.

Listed 1988/89 as in service under control of COMTRANAV. Lay in December 1997 semi-sunk and partially dismantled on the COMTRANAV premises, having been sold to Messrs. “Empresa Cafiex”, Asunción.

She was later pulled ashore and further dismantled to provide useful parts and material for the construction of a new mercantile push-boat on the COMTRANAV premises. This push-boat was still unfinished as of April 2003.

   BT-2 (NC. 2122) ex YFB-86: Built as LCT(6)-524 by Bison S.B. Corp., Buffalo, NY. Keel laid 22 Jul 1943, launched 25 Aug, and delivered 29 Sep 1943. Reclassified YFU-1 on 18 May 1958, and at a later date YFB-86.

Listed 1988/89 as out of service under control of the Naval Transport Command. Lay semi-sunk on the COMTRANAV premises in December 1997, having been sold to Messrs. “Empresa Cafiex”, Asunción. Still there high and dry as of April 2003. 


EDVP-1 (I) , EDVP-2 (I);    
EDVP 01 (II), EDVP 02 (II), EDVP 03

Landing craft, LCVP type [Embarcaciones de Desembarque de Vehículos y Personal]

Displacement: 8.4 t light, 12.1 t full load (EDVP-1 (I)), 9.0 t light (EDVP-2 (I))

Dimensions:    Length 11.00m oa, breadth 3.20m, depth 1.75m, draught 0.91m aft, 0.66m fwd light,   
1.04m loaded (first pair);

                        Length 10.58m oa, breadth 3.20m, depth 1.83m, draught 1.10m aft loaded (second pair);

Main machinery:  One 6-cyl. Diesel Gray Marine 64YTL-3, 168 kW (225 bhp) at 2,100 rpm,     
1 shaft (700 rpm) in EDVP-1 (I);   
One diesel Scania D11 MO1, 134 kW (182 PS) at 2,000 rpm, 158 kW (215 PS) at 2,200 rpm, 1 shaft in EDVP-2 (I);    
One diesel 132 kW (180 PS) at 1,800 rpm in EDVP 01 (II) and EDVP 02 (II), 1 shaft

Speed:    8 knots max. (15 km/h), 6 knots cruising (first pair); all 0.8 m³ fuel in 4 tanks; 22 hrs autonomy

Complement:       3

Cargo capacity:   36 troops or 1 vehicle with crew (2.73 t) or 3.65 t cargo with low center of gravity

Remarks – EDVP-1 (I) had a GRP hull and very closely resembled the original USN design (BuShips Plan Nos. LCVP-8510/LCVP-8860). The others were built of steel and had minor differences in topside structures, shape of ramp, and exhaust pipe position.

EDVP-1 (I) -     NC. 2123. Apparently acquired after 1978 since the craft does not appear in the D.M.N. fleet engine list of 29 Nov 1978. Most probably obtained from Brazil, because in a note dated 31 May 1983 that mentions her as having been out of service for over 3 years but since repaired, it is recommended to buy spares in Brazil for keeping her operational in the future. The boat participated in the exercise “Isla Marina I” between 25 and 27 Oct 1984 some 80 km north of Asunción, at that time carrying the pennant M 1 (!) while assigned to Vallemí.       
She still appears in a fleet matrix issued sometime after 1985 as out of service on the slipway of a private shipyard (hand-written note). No further trace.

Cuadro de texto: EDVP
BIM 2 BN

 

EDVP-2 (I) -     NC. 2124, built 1981/82 at Ladário, near Corumbá, Brazil. In 1984 she carried the inscription               while assigned to Vallemí.  

 

Re-numbered EDVP 03 in September 1993 with new NC serial upon the launch of the two new craft below.

EDVP 01 (II) -  NC. 2123, launched 12 Sep 1993 in the Naval Arsenal Asunción, assuming number and NC serial of EDVP-1 (I). As of April 2003 in service with COMFG.

EDVP 02 (II) -  NC. 2124, launched 12 Sep 1993 in the Naval Arsenal Asunción, assuming number and NC serial of EDVP-2 (I). In COMFG service, as of April 2003 in refit at the Naval Arsenal Asunción.

EDVP 03 -        NC. 2125, ex EDVP-2 (I). As of April 2003 in service with COMFG. 

NOTE:

There is a U.S. source stating that a LCM(6) type landing craft was in 1963 or 1964 transferred to Paraguay under MAP[31]. There is no trace of this craft in Paraguayan naval sources, however (see also note on YTL‑559 hereunder).  


VILLA HAYES, VILLA FLORIDA, TRANSCHACO

Vehicle lighters [balsas], former Government river ferries of varying characteristics. Taken over 1989/90, still in mercantile livery.

VILLA HAYES (NC. 2190), former mercantile register no. 764:  Measurement 203 grt, 70 nrt; length 33.00m oa, 31.30m pp, breadth 9.25m wl, 9.95m max., depth 2.20m, draught 1.55m; 2 diesels Hanshin  each 92 kW (125 PS), 12 m³ fuel; 170 t cargo capacity, 200 t pushing capability.

Acquired for the State Merchant Fleet in 1961 Fleet (Ministerio de Obras Publicas y Comunicaciones, MOPC) from Japan. By presidential decree № 2956 of 3 Oct 1989 taken over from the Ministry of Defense which operated her in the Trans-Chaco service. Measuring letter No. 3907 dated 10 May 1989. According to the fleet list of 30 Nov 1999 last docked August 1989 and in COMIM service, but must be towed because of disembarked propulsion diesels. By presidential decree № 13.727 of 4 Jul 2001 transferred to the Department of Ñeembucu “for operational and service reasons”. As of April 2003, lay at the COMTRANAV premises with most superstructure removed.

Her diesels were put up for sale by decree No. 1.571, dated 24 Feb 2009 (!).

VILLA FLORIDA (NC. 2191), former mercantile register no. 763:  Measurement 153 grt, 60 nrt; length 30.00m wl, 26.3m pp breadth 8.20m, depth 2.20m, draught 1.22m; 2 diesels MWM each 129 kW (175 PS), speed 8/15 km/h up/down river, 20 m³ fuel; 160 t cargo capacity.

Acquired for the State Merchant Fleet (Ministerio de Obras Publicas y Comunicaciones, MOPC) in 1960 from Spain. By presidential decree № 2956 of 3 Oct 1989 taken over from the Ministry of Defense which operated her in the Trans-Chaco service. Measuring letter No. 3906 dated 10 May 1989. A new link between Pilar and Colonía Capá, Argentina, was inaugurated with her on 19 April 1991. According to the fleet list of 30 Nov 1999, last docked Sep 1999. In service as of May 2000. By decree № 16.649 of 13 Mar 2002, in amendment to presidential decree № 13.727 of 4 Jul 2001, transferred to the Department of Ñeembucu “for operational and service reasons”.

TRANSCHACO (NC. 2192), former mercantile register no. 1486:  Length 34.50m, breadth 10.20m, depth 1.70m, draught 1.22m; two 6-cyl. diesels Deutz F6L 413 V, each 83 kW (113 PS), 14 m³ fuel; 140 t cargo capacity, 200 t pushing capability.

Taken over by COMAR Special Order № 29, dated 7 Mar 1990. According to the fleet list above, last docked in April 1989 and in COMIN service, but must be towed because of disembarked propulsion diesels. As of May 2000 at the COMTRANAV premises at Sajonia, and also there as of April 2003.  


ÑEEMBUCÚ

Tug. No data except that she figured in the revolt of 1947 .

In fact, there had been 2 tugs of that name:

First - 30 t displacement, owners: Empresa Paraguaya Vierci Hermanos, Asunción.

Second - 120 grt, 27.66 x 5.79 x 2.74 m, 174 ihp (130 kW), built by Janssen & Schmilinsky, Hamburg, in 1885. Owners: Dodero, Asunción, by 1947; Mihanovich, Argentina, by 1949.


R.1 ITAPÉ

Tug, ex TUCUMÁN.

Steel, normal displacement 68 t, length 14.80m oa, 14.00m pp, breadth 4.52m, depth 2.00m, draught 1.80m; 6 crew.

1 steam engine, 1 boiler, 220 ihp (164 kW) at 480rpm, 5 knots, range 250nm.

Remarks - Took part in the Chaco War 1932-35 as TUCUMÁN. At an unknown data incorporated in the Paraguayan Navy, and became tug R.1 ITAPÉ (NC. 2150). Placed out of service by order No. 177/85. Later listed as on slip and being scrapped in the Arsenal (c. 1989). 


R-2 (Victoria)

Tug (NC. 2151). Steel, normal displacement 27 t, length 14.48m oa, 14.10m pp, breadth 3.36m, depth 1.50m, draught 0.90m; 6 crew. 1 diesel MWM, 74 kW (100 PS) at 1,800 rpm (originally 1 diesel MAN D-1246M, 82 kW (112 PS) at 1,800 rpm), 6 knots. Built 1960 by the Naval Arsenal Asunción. As of May 2000 high and dry ashore at the COAPCOM-COMTRANAV premises, Sajonia, without engine and stripped of useful parts. Still there in April 2003.  Put up for sale by decree No. 1.571, dated 24 Feb 2009.


R-3 ITÁPIRÚ (II)

Tug, ex RIVADAVIA, 71.7 t, draught 2.1m, built 1912.

RIVADAVIA was requisitioned by the Paraguayan government during the civil war 1922-1923 as an auxiliary patrol craft, being mainly employed on the Upper Paraná River. She saw action on 4 Sep 1922 when a landing force disembarked from her and from CORONEL MARTÍNEZ. The troops attacked rebels positions at Itá-Cuá and a rebel airfield at Puente Alta in the vicinity of Encarnación, inflicting losses to the rebels and taking several prisoners. On 2 Oct 1922, RIVADAVIA put a small group of 30 men at Pacú-Cuá ashore with the aim of distracting the enemy’s attention from another group that succeeded in destroying the railway and the telegraph line between Caí-Puente and Encarnación.

RIVADAVIA also took part in the Chaco War 1932-35 as RIVADAVIA. At an unknown date she was incorporated in the Navy and became tug R-3 ITÁPIRÚ (NC. 2152). Last docked 1967, and stricken as unserviceable by COMAR order No. 58/ 978 of 15 Mar 1978. Ordered re-floated and scrapped by D.M.N.y A. order No. 5 of 13 Jan 1981, in which she was listed as semi-sunk in front of B.E.M..


 R-4 TRIUNFO

Tug, former U.S. 64-foot YTL-422 class.

Normal displacement 65 t, length 20.20m oa/19.80m wl/19.70m pp, breadth 5.00m, depth 2.30m, draught 1.20m fwd, 2.20m aft (prop); 6 crew.

1 diesel Caterpillar, 272 kW (365 hp) at 1,800 rpm, 10 knots, 10 m³ fuel, range 1500 km; 2 generator diesel sets G.M.-UF, each 8.3 kW (original engine Hamilton Mod. 68 S.A. of 375 bhp and 875 rpm exchanged post-1978). Pushing capability 1,000/1,300 t upriver/downriver.

   R-4 (NC. 2153) ex YTL-567 was built by Gunderson Bros., Portland, Ore., laid down 5 Mar 1945, launched 17 Aug 1945, and delivered 30 Oct 1945. Transferred under loan in April 1974 as R-4, and purchased outright on 1 Feb 1977[32]. In the late 1990s received the name TRIUNFO (II), which is not displayed, however. Under control of COAPCOM-COMTRANAV.  

NOTE:

Another tug of this type, YTL-559, was reported by Jane's 1967/68 as transferred in May 1963 from the USA with first Paraguayan pennant A-4. Jane’s 1972/73 reports this very tug A-4 as transferred in March 1967 under MAP as ex-YTL-211 (sic!) and as built by Everett Pacific SB & DD. There is absolutely no trace in Paraguayan and U.S. sources of a third YTL-type tug ever in service or transferred, however, besides the current YTL-type tugs R-4 and R-5 [33] [34].  


R-5 ANGOSTURA

Tug, former U.S. YTL-131 class.  Normal displacement 65 t, length 19.50m oa/19.00m wl/18.85m pp, breadth 5.00m, depth 2.30m, draught 1.20m fwd, 1.80m aft (1.98m prop); 6 crew. 1 diesel Scania DSI 14M03, 345 PS/357 PSe (254/263 kW), 8 knots , 15 m³ fuel .Note: Had 1 diesel G.M. of 240 hp at 1,800 rpm for 6 knots in c. 1989, and 1 diesel Cooper Bessemer of 240 bhp at 750 rpm in 1978).  Pushing capability 1,000/1,200 t upriver/downriver.

   R-5 (NC. 2154) ex YTL-211 was built by Robert Jacob Inc., City Island, NY., laid down 26 Dec 1941, launched 20 Jun 1942, and put into service 21 Aug 1942. Transferred by lease in March 1965. Put into the floating dry dock DF-1 ex AFDL-26 (q.v.) at Jacksonville which departed 2 Jun 1965 in tow of the Argentine fleet tug GOYENA[35], arriving at Asunción from Buenos Aires on 24 Jul 1965 in company with BUQUE TALLER ex YR-37 (q.v.). In service as R-5[36], purchased outright 1 Feb 1977.

Later received the name ANGOSTURA, and structural modifications comprising an extended funnel and a new pilothouse atop the old one. In service with COAPCOM-COMTRANAV. 


R-6 STELLA MARIS, R-7 ESPERANZA

Tugs, near sisters to R-2.

Steel, normal displacement c. 22 t, length 14.90m oa/14.10m pp (R-6), 14.98m oa/14.35m pp (R-7), breadth 3.35m, depth 1.50m, draught 0.90m; 6 crew

1 diesel MAN S-1246M, 82 kW (112 PS) at 1,800 rpm, 6 knots (R-6), 5 knots (R-7), 1.4 t fuel. Pushing capability 300/600 t upriver/downriver.

   R-6 (NC. 2155): Built 1970 by the Naval Arsenal Asunción. Last docked Sep 1988. In the 1990s received the name STELLA MARIS, which is not displayed, however. Listed 30 Nov 1999 as out of service, without engine, at the COAPCOM-COMTRANAV premises. Still there afloat in May 2000 and also in April 2003 in the same status, now resting ashore, but carried in a DIRMAT list of 14 Jan 2003 as in good condition.

   R-7 (NC. 2156): Built after 1978 by the Naval Arsenal Asunción. In the 1990s received the name ESPERANZA, which is not displayed, however. Under control of COAPCOM-COMTRANAV. 


R-8 CORONEL MARTÍNEZ

Tug, former patrol vessel; refer to Para 5.1 for details. 


R-9

Small tug/workboat. She appears in the D.M.N. fleet engine list of 29 Nov 1978. At a later date renamed D.A.N.-1 (q.v.).  


D.A.N.-1 (ARSENAL 1), D.H.Y N-1

Workboats with towing capability. Steel, displacement 7.5 t, length 8.8m oa, breadth 2.50m, depth 0.90m, draught 0.60m; no permanent crew. 1 diesel MWM D-225-3, 28 kW (38.5 PS) at 2,000 rpm, 4 knots.

   D.A.N.-1 (NC. 2170), ex R-9, appears in recent lists with the name ARSENAL 1. Under DIMANA control for dockyard use, pennant number A 1.

   D.H.Y N-1 (NC. 2171) is listed c. 1989 as in service under control of D.H.y N., in the fleet list of 30 Nov 1999, however, as last docked May 1986 and out of service at D.H.y N. with no engine.  


TENIENTE CABRERA

Launch [lancha], NC. 2172, pennant number L 01. Also referred to as “Lancha 2”.  Ex CERRO LEÓN. In 1986 modifications to hull and superstructure. No further data except as last docked June 1993 and in COMIM service at Vallemí, according to the 1999 fleet list. Was on the slip of the Naval Arsenal Asunción in April 2003. 


ARSENAL 2

Berthing tug/push boat. Ex 4 DE MAYO, acquired c. April 2000 from commercial sources and refitted at the Naval Arsenal Asunción. Under DIMANA control for dockyard use, pennant number A 2. 


RP.1 ASUNCIÓN

Push boat for barges [repulsor], built 1907 (NC. 2211). 107 t, 29 crew.  107 t, 22 x 6 x 2.3 m, 29 crew.  Built in 1907 by Werf Conrad, Haarlem, The Netherlands, as part of the dredging train. Last  docked 1959(!), and listed as sunk off D.S.Ing.A. (Dirección del Servicio de Ingeniería de la Armada) in a D.M.N.y A. proposal to delete and scrap her along with other units, dated 29 Aug 1977.   In the event stricken as unserviceable by COMAR order No. 58/978 of 15 Mar 1978. Ordered re-floated and scrapped by D.M.N.y A. order No. 5 of 13 Jan 1981, listed therein as beached in front of D.S.Ing.A. 


3 DE FEBRERO

Presidential yacht [yate presidencial], NC. 2600.

Displacement: 98.5 t normal

Dimensions:    Length 28.10m oa, 25.00m pp, breadth 6.00m, depth 3.50m, mean draught 1.60m

Main machinery:  2 diesels Rolls-Royce C 6 TFLM, each 193 kW (259 bhp) at 1,800 rpm, reduction gears 1:2.95 type Twin Disc MG 509, 2 shafts

Speed:             25 km/h max, 21 km/h cruising

Range:            2,500 km cruising; 12.5 m³ fuel

Electric:           2 generator diesels MWM D-225-6, each 38.5 kW (52.5 PS), with 30-kW alternator type A. van Kaick; 380/220 V, 50 Hz AC

Complement:  6 crew, up to 6 serving staff; 8 guests in 4 double cabins

Radar:             1/Navigation

Remarks - Projected by Cap N Ing. J. A. Bozzano with drawing No. 3223 dated 2 May 1968, steel hull, 5 watertight compartments. Originally only named YATE PRESIDENCIAL. After a lengthy building period at the Naval Arsenal Asunción filled with continuing alterations to the design, the yacht was placed in service 4 May 1982, having been launched in 1972 with first trials in 1978. She was on 2 Mar 1984 named 26 DE FEBRERO after the date General Alfredo Stroessner assumed power in 1954, and on 10 Dec 1992 renamed 3 DE FEBRERO after the date in 1989 Stroessner was ousted from power. Administered by DIMANA and berthed at the Naval Arsenal. 


D.1 PROGRESO

Non-self propelled bucket dredge [draga], NC. 2200 140 t, 30 x 6.8 x 2.85 m; dredging engine 180 ihp (by Storck, Hengelo), bucket capacity 200 l; 30 crew.

Built in 1907 by Werf Conrad, Haarlem, The Netherlands, as part of the dredging train. Had a big refit in 1958 and was last docked 1972. Stricken as unserviceable by COMAR order No. 58/978 of 15 Mar 1978. Ordered re-floated and scrapped by D.M.N.y A. order No. 5 of 13 Jan 1981, listed as semi-sunk in front of B.E.M.

D-2 TENIENTE OSCAR CARRERAS SAGUIER

Suction dredge (NC. 2201). Pennant also given as DC-2. Steel, displacement 140 t, length 20.50m oa, 19.10m pp, breadth 7.00m, depth 2.20, draught 1.20m; 19 crew. 1 diesel MWM TRH 335S, 368 kW (500 PS) at 500 rpm as suction prime mover, 1 generator diesel MWM RHS 5183, 108 kW (147 PS) at 1,200 rpm.

Remarks - Built 1958 in Argentina and transferred to Paraguay on 3 May 1969 along with two sand barges. Under DHyN control, at times working for the A.N.N.P. (Administración Nacional de Navegación y Puertos) and civilian contractors. Named after Tte. 1° Marina O. C. Saguier, a hero of the Chaco War, who fell at Capirenda on 10 Jan 1935. 


CAPITÁN FIGARI

Buoy tender [balizador], c. 30 t, 7 ft draught, built 1910.

Took part in the Chaco War 1932-35, mainly employed as a transport with trips up to Fortín Galpón in the extreme north.

At an undisclosed date during the Chaco War, she rescued the flying-boat R.5. This plane had been forced to land on Brazilian territory north of Puerto Caballo in some distance from the Paraguay river bank where the crew camouflaged it and somehow managed to inform Paraguayan forces. CAPITÁN FIGARI was sent, and a path was cut through the dense vegetation to the Paraguay river where the shelving bank then was sloped. The buoy tender now pulled the flying-boat along the path and down the slope into the water. All this was done under clandestine circumstances at night since the discovery of R.5 by the neutral Brazilians would have inevitably ended in the internment of the plane. The vessel then towed the flying-boat to Bahía Negra which took 7 hours. The Paraguayan action narrowly escaped discovery by the Brazilians: The river gunboat PERNAMBUCO[37], that was patrolling the area, had obviously realized that something unusual was going on and went after the tow for a considerable time.

Might later have received the pennant B-1. The post-war career and the ultimate fate of CAPITÁN FIGARI remain unclear. 


TESORITO

Buoy tender, ex BALIZADOR B ex TESORITO. Sternwheeler, built 1907.  Took part in the Chaco War 1932-35 as BALIZADOR B, mainly employed as a transport with trips up to Fortín Galpón in the extreme north. Later again renamed TESORITO. After the war, made many deployments to Bahía Negra and to the south. At an unknown date received the pennant B-2 (NC. 2210). Between 1955 and 1965, she participated in many naval maneuvers, charting gun firing areas and taking depth soundings. TESORITO possibly is identical with the naval balizador DHR. 2, mentioned in an article of the “Revista de la Armada” as having laid on 12 March 1965 the first 2 out of a lot of 40 buoys donated by the U.S.A..

B-2 TESORITO was last docked 1973, and stricken as unserviceable by COMAR order No. 58/978 of 15 Mar 1978. Ordered re-floated and scrapped by D.M.N.y A. order No. 5 of 13 Jan 1981, listed as semi-sunk in front of B.E.M. [Base de Embarcaciones Menores], on the Banco San Miguel. 


LH-1 SUBOFICIAL ROGELIO LESME

Survey launch and workboat [lancha hidrografa], built 1958 (NC. 2220). Steel, displacement c. 16 t, length 14.70m oa, 14.00m pp, breadth 3.06m, depth 1.40m, draught 0.80m; 5‑7 crew (not permanent). 1 diesel Mercedes-Benz M-204B, 74 kW (100 PS) at 1,000 rpm, 13 knots, 0.40 m³ fuel. Remarks - Under D.H.y N. control, at times works for A.N.N.P. and commercial contractors. Refitted 1999/2000. In Sep 2007 carried pennant LPH-01. Note: This is the unit hitherto referred to as “Lancha Ecografa” in the naval reference books.


G-1 GRÚA FLOTANTE

Non-self-propelled floating crane, NC. 2250. Steel, displacement 85 t, length 22.0m oa, 21.7m wl, breadth 7.75m, depth 2.20m, mean draught 0.90m; no permanent crew. Built in 1907 by Werf Conrad, Haarlem, The Netherlands, as part of the dredging train. Under D.H.y N. control, at times works for A.N.N.P. and commercial contractors. Still active as of 2003.


DF-1 DIQUE FLOTANTE

Ex-U.S. floating dry-dock, AFDL-1 class (NC. 2260). Steel, lifting capacity 1,000 tons, length 61.00m oa, 60.00m wl, breadth 19.50m max, 19.00m wl, internal width 14.0m, depth 2.70m, draught 2.40m (1.04m light).  3 diesel generator sets, each 142 hp, 100 kW, 440 V AC.

Remarks - Built as AFDL-26 by Doullut & Ewin, Mobile, Ala., in service June 1946. Transferred by lease in March 1965, loaded the tug R-5 ex YTL-211, and departed Jacksonville 2 Jun 1965 in tow of the Argentine fleet tug GOYENA, arriving at Asunción from Buenos Aires on 24 Jul 1965 in company with BUQUE TALLER ex YR-37 (q.v.). Purchased outright 1 Feb 1977. Under DIMANA control, available for commercial dockings. 


BUQUE TALLER

Ex-U.S. floating workshop, YR-24 class (NC. 2270). Steel, displacement 600 t full load, length 45.72m oa, 45.00m wl, breadth 10.36m (wl), 10.80m (max), 10.36m wl, depth 1.80m. 3 diesel generator sets Cummins 140.405, 210 kW total, 120V/500A DC.

Remarks - Built as YR-37 by Mare Island Naval SY, laid down 14 Dec 1941, launched 12 Jan 1942, in service 15 May 1942. Transferred by lease in March 1965, and departed Jacksonville 2 Jun 1965 in tow of the Argentine fleet tug THOMPSON[38], arriving at Asunción from Buenos Aires on 24 Jul 1965 in company with DF-1 ex AFDL-26 (q.v.).

Purchased outright 1 Feb 1977. Under DIMANA control, still listed c. 1989 but no longer in the 1999 fleet list. At an unknown date sold commercially and from 1998 converted into the self-propelled tourist vessel [buque turistico] PARAGUAY. Initial estimated cost were US$ 2 million with final cost US$ 5 million due to change of design plans.  New characteristics: 600 t, dim 58.0 x 16.0 x 2.1 m; 3 Caterpillar diesels 365 hp (272 kW) each; 22 crew, 56 passengers. 


YWN "AA"

Former U.S. Army non-self-propelled water barge, design 218D. Length 13.7 m. Transferred under MAP in June 1972[39]. No further trace in Paraguayan sources, however. 


Various barges [chatas][40]

MERCEDES L.

No data except that she appears in two orders. The first one, M.2.№ 91 dated 23 Dec 1916 by the “Ministerio de Guerra y Marina”, orders that the aviso nacional CORONEL MARTÍNEZ tows the barge MERCEDES L. “every 25th of a month with provisions and military effects to the 1st and 3rd Military Districts and every three months to the garrisons of Fuerte Olimpo and Bahía Negra”. The second one, M.2.№ 203 dated 16 Oct 1917, orders that the command of the gunboat ADOLFO RIQUELME sees “that the aviso PIRABEBÉ with the barge MERCEDES L. in tow goes to Puerto Sajonia to be laden with workshop material and transports it to the Arsenal [Arsenales de Guerra y Marina]” at Asunción. MERCEDES L. may not have been naval. 

PILAR

No data except that she appears in the order M.1. № 96 dated 25 Aug 1916 of the “Ministerio de Guerra y Marina” in which “the avisos CORONEL MARTÍNEZ, PIRABEBÉ, and the barge PILAR are placed at the disposition of the command of the gunboat ADOLFO RIQUELME”. 

CH-10 TACUARÍ

NC. 2130, ex CH-1

Length 39.50m oa, 36.00m pp, breadth 7.65m, depth 2.40m, draught 1.50m; cargo capacity 200t[41].

Former gunboat, later river transport of the same name. Has a deckhouse aft and two cargo hatches[42]. Refer to gunboat entry for details. Put up for sale by decree No. 1.571, dated 24 Feb 2009.

CH-2 CALCÁREA

Steel, NC. 2131

Length 33.30m oa, 31.30m pp, breadth 6.10m, depth 1.70m, draught 0.90m (1.50m max); cargo capacity 260 t; 4 crew.

Last docked Aug 1975. Carried in the 1999 fleet list as out of service, and appears in a slightly earlier COAPCOM list as lying in a bad state of repair at the Attis SY, Chaco'i, on slip and unutilized. 

Put up for sale by decree No. 1.571, dated 24 Feb 2009.

CH-3 ITACU'I

Steel, NC. 2132, ex POMELÍ

Length 24.65m oa, 21.70m pp, breadth 5.00m, depth 1.00m, draught 0.90m; cargo capacity 40 t; 4 crew.

Last docked Dec 1986, and listed as out of service at Fuerte Olimpo under COAPCOM-COMTRANAV control in the 1999 fleet list.  

CH-4

No data except that she appears in the already mentioned COAPCOM list as in a bad state of repair at the Attis SY, Chaco'i, since many years. Still there as of April 2003. 

CH-6 ACOSTA ÑU

Steel, NC. 2133, built 1944.

Length 47.07m oa, 45.40m pp, breadth 8.77m, depth 1.94m, draught 1.50m; cargo capacity 400 t; 4 crew.

Sank in the National Cement Industry port of Vallemí in 1989. First attempts to raise her were undertaken by a 12-men U.S.N. team (!) in January 1990, but were in vain because of cracks developed in the hull.

 Officially stricken by Special Order No. 36 of COMAR, dated 28 Feb 1995. A second attempt of May 1996 was in vain as well and the hull still rested there in April 2003. 

CH-7 ÑEEMBUCÚ

Steel, NC. 2134, built 1967.

Length 37.80m oa. 33.91m pp, breadth 9.00m, depth 2.20m, draught 1.83m; cargo capacity 320 t; 4 crew.

Originally to become sister T 2 of T 1 PRESIDENTE STROESSNER (q.v.) but completed as a chata. Last docked Aug 1983, appears in a DIRMAT list of 14 Jan 2003 as out of service under COAPCOM-COMTRANAV control. Lay there in April 2003. 

CH-8 PARAGUARÍ

Steel, NC. 2135

Length 25.00m oa, 23.10m pp, breadth 5.00m, depth 2.35m, draught 2.00m, cargo capacity 200 t; 4 crew.

Last docked Nov 1973, carried in a DIRMAT list of 14 Jan 2003 as in good condition and in service with COAPCOM-COMTRANAV. 

Put up for sale by decree No. 1.571, dated 24 Feb 2009.

CH-1 YBYCU'I

Steel, NC. 2136, ex CH. 350-A

Length 26.10m oa, 25.00m pp, breadth 6.75m, depth 2.28m, draught 1.28m; cargo capacity 170t.

Originally the sand barge [chata arenera] CH. 350-A (NC. 2136), built in Argentina and transferred to Paraguay on 3 May 1969 along with dredge D-2 (q.v.).

Still listed as sand barge CH. 350-A c. 1989 as in service with the "Ingeniería de la Armada". Last docked Aug 1980.

CH-1 appears in the 1999 fleet list as out of service under COAPCOM-COMTRANAV control but is carried in a DIRMAT list of 14 Jan 2003 as in good condition and in service with COAPCOM-COMTRANAV. 

CH. 349-A

Steel, NC. 2137, sister to CH-1 YBYCU'I.Built in Argentina and transferred to Paraguay on 3 May 1959

Last recorded as out of service at Vallemí (c. 1986). No further trace. 

CH.A.-2

Sand barge. No data except length 25.00m, breadth 5.00m, depth 2.35m, max. draught 1.98m (Note by the author: The main dimensions appear to be identical with those of CH-8).

Ordered transferred to the A.N.N.P. (Administración Nacional de Navegación y Puertos) by special COMAR order No. 5 of 25 Jan 1979, executed Oct 1979. 

CH.M.-2

Self-propelled barge [chata motor]. No data except that she had a diesel MaK Mz-24-2Cyl, 40 kW (55 PSe) at 750 rpm (D.M.N. list of 29 Nov 1978).

Remarks - Of unknown origin. Was in September 1964 under control of the Puerto Presidente Franco prefecture sub-command on the Paraná River.

Listed as semi-sunk in front of B.E.M. when ordered re-floated (but not scrapped) by D.M.N.y A. order No. 5 of 13 Jan 1981. 


Various pontoons: 

P.N.-3, P.N.-4, P.N.-5, P.N.-6, P.N.-7;

PN 1, PN 2, PN 3, PN 4, PN 5

Carried in a fleet list, manually updated c. 1989[43]:

P.N.-3 (NC. 2282), P.N.-4 (NC. 2283)

Steel, built 1972, 30 t, length 10.0m oa/pp, breadth 5.0m, depth 1.0m, draught 0.6m. Both at DIMANA.

P.N.-5 (NC. 2284), P.N.-6 (NC. 2285), P.N.-7 (NC. 2286)

Steel, built 1977, 50 t, length 27.43m wl, breadth 8.54m, depth 1.52m, draught 0.22m. First two at DIMANA, last in front of Naval Aviation.

Carried in the fleet list of 30 Nov 1999:

PN 1 (NC. 2282): Last docked Aug 1989, in Arsenal service.

PN 2 (NC. 2283): Last docked May 1999, in Arsenal service.

PN 3 (NC. 2284): As PN 2.

PN 4 (NC. 2285): Last docked June 1977, berthing pontoon for PARAGUAY and the ships in that nest.

PN 5 (NC. 2287): Last docked June 1977, originally berthing pontoon for ITAPUÁ and the ships in that nest but since September 2000 moored with museum ship HUMAITÁ in downtown Asunción.

Note:

It appears that PN 1/PN 2 are identical with P.N.-3 and P.N.-4, and also PN 3 through PN 5 with P.N.-5 through P.N.-7, reckoning from the classification numbers (NC. 2287 of PN 5 would in this case be a typographic error), and that the pontoons have been re-designated in a straight sequence after c. 1989. In this case, the last docking dates for PN 4 (ex P.N.-6) and PN 5 (ex P.N.-7) must be understood as the actual launch dates if these were new construction as indicated by the term “built 1977” for PN.-5 etc..

It is highly probable, however, that P.N.-5 thru P.N.-7 are identical with three pontoons delivered under MAP. These are found in NARA_AAD; Record Code No. 3, Record Control Nos. ZB18 and XA 24 with 3 pontoons each, described as “Pontoon Sectional”. These different record control nos. might indicate that in fact 6 pontoons were delivered. The program initiator is the MAAG (Air Force), the stock no. in each case is 1945002402041, and the program year for each lot is 1975. The year of delivery would then be probably 1977, misinterpreted in Paraguayan lists as the year of build.

The pontoons do not appear in NAVSHIPS 250-574-6. 


 

Endnotes:


 

[1]  The sistership VINZAGLIO, already stricken 1869, was converted into a water barge.

[2]  Saint Bon later rose to the rank of Admiral, becoming eventually Italian War Minister.

[3]  Ex BRILLANTE; 1,661 t full load, 64.3 m length, built Castellamare, laid down 1865, launched 1869, commissioned 1870, stricken 1907.

                   [4].. Displacement 270 ts and 5½ ft max. draught as per U.S. Naval Attaché Report No. 201 of 26 July, 1929. 420 ts and 5 ft draught as per U.S. G-2 report No. 231 of 5 Aug, 1926, and U.S. Naval Attaché Report No. 595 of 18 Dec, 1926. Jane’s 1939 even gives 150 ts and 6 ft draught. The author as a practicing naval architect has tried to derive the shown figures, from data of the most reliable sources, as the most likely ones for a vessel of the type on the basis of contemporary lines and hydrostatic parameters.

                   [5].. As per U.S. G-2 report No. 231 of 5 Aug, 1926.

                   [6].. As per U.S. Naval Attaché report No. 201 of 26 July, 1929.

                   [7].. Contemporary naval reference books state a wooden hull, but it always has been steel.

[1]   Many articles on this subject, Paraguayan and foreign, over the years always reported two Curtiss CW.14R Osprey and one Curtiss Hawk II as the attackers. However, the first twelve Ospreys arrived in Bolivia only on 31 Jan 1933, while the first four Hawks arrived on 19 Dec 1932. Of the latter, one had been assembled and made combat-ready by 20 Jan 1933 when it was active in the battle of Nanawa. The second Hawk was combat-ready by 24 Mar 1933.

 

 

 

                   [8].. It might be worth mentioning that with the deletion from the list of the Gunboat Flotilla Para­guayan ships mostly disappeared from contemporary naval reference books. A later re-commission­ing for a different command escaped the attention of these books because these apparently only had the gunboat flotilla lists as a source. This was also the case with TACUARÍ.

                   [9].. According to U.S. Naval Attaché Report R 13-43 (dated 19 March, 1943, evaluated as A-2 (reliable)), a maximum of 220 metric tons oil fuel of .98 t/m³ density could be carried. The report also gives following radii of action: 120 hrs at 17 kts, 150 hrs at 13 kts and 160 hrs at 12 knots. However, the report does not state for what amount of oil fuel these figures apply.

                   [10].. Armor thicknesses as per U.S. Naval Attaché Report R 11-43; Jane's gives 1/2in for the deck since issue 1964/65, and in earlier issues lists 1/3in.

                   [11].. A Vickers license, hence often referred to as Vickers guns.

                   [12].. These events are reported in the U.S. Naval Attaché Report R 15-43, dated 18 December, 1943.

                   [13].. In the vessel's history browsed through on board just one displacement figure could be found. This says 103 tonnes without further identifying the displacement type (i.e. light or else). The O.N.I. report serial no. 201 of 26 July, 1929 gives 114.5 tons.

[14]   TRIUNFO already appears in a decree dated 9 September 1911, appointing Alférez de Navío D. Longino Lugo as C.O., and again in decree № 1518 of 14 January 1913, which appoints a Señor (!) Ruperto Garay as 2nd engineer.

                   [15].. The ship had been reported in recent naval reference books as having a wooden hull but in fact is completely made from steel. Papers found in the Arsenal files dating from 1937 clearly state that in this year some structural parts of the steel hull structure have been replaced along with portions of the wooden deck. Naval personnel could not recall if this vessel originally had had a wooden hull. Also other naval documentation says nothing. Her steam engine is preserved in the Naval Arsenal.

                   [16].. "Jane's Fighting Ships 1989/90” still lists her with pennant no. A 1, in the issue 1990 /91 with pennant P 04 (ex A 1) and already in the next issue 1991/92 with pennant P 01 (ex P 04 ex A 1). However, no evidence could hitherto be found that the pennant P 04 has ever -even briefly- been carried. "Combat Fleets of the World" still lists her in the 1990/91 issue with pennant A 1, but already in the next issue 1993 with pennant P 01.

                   [17].. "Lista de Embarcaciones de la Armada Nacional que deben ser Refloatadas y Desguazadas", issued by D.M.N. y A.. The list is divided into "Vessels to be re-floated" and "Vessels to be scrapped". Albeit R-8 is ordered to be re-floated, there is no order to scrap her which is the case for the other units to be re-floated.

                   [18].. It was obviously the intention to fill the gap in the sequence of minesweeper pennant numbers M-1 through M-9 (then belonging to the former German type M 16 vessels of WW I vintage acquired in 1922), which was created after the deletion of M-7 PY (ex M 80) on 13 Jan 1937.

                        Accordingly DRUMMOND, which commissioned on 7 June 1937 as the next ship of this new class, assumed pennant M-2 of FOURNIER (ex M 51), stricken on 5 April 1937.

                   [19].. As with CAPITÁN CABRÁL, JFS 1990/91 reports an initial new pennant number P 01 which is without evidence as well. The book reports initial new pennant numbers P 02 and P 03 also for sisters CAPITÁN MEZA and TTE. FARIÑA respectively.

                   [20].. The name TENIENTE PRATT GILL, reported in naval reference books (e.g. Jane's 1977/78), has apparently never been carried. The files of BOQUERÓN, kept in the Naval Arsenal, clearly show that she has initially been referred to in naval correspondence as P-H or “Portahelicópteros” only and in a paper of 1974 already as B.C.-1 BOQUERÓN.

[21]  This gun still exists. It is mounted on the premises of DICSA, the Dirección de Comunicación Social de la Armada. The breech is marked “B.L. 7-5 IN WIRE V.S & M. 1911 № 1017A”, the breech block “B.L. 7.5 № 1017A Vickers.Limited 1911.”, and on the barrel forward of the breech appears the sequence “15-15-2-25”. It is called “Abuelo” = “Grandfather” in the navy.
This gun, removed from CONSTITUCIÓN after her sale, was in the Civil War of 1922-23 employed as a railway gun by the Loyalists. It was in November 1922 instrumental in the rebel defeat at Encarnación.

[22]  With a note dated 26 March 1919 the Jefe del Arsenal de Guerra y Marina, Capitán de Corbeta Leocadio Esquivel, reported the 20 December 1918 as termination date. The salvage action had lasted 3 days. The salvage firm of Santiago G. Schaerer, having submitted the account on 31 January 1919, had its money allotted only on 3 May 1919 by decree M.2. № 1.- because the navy authorities took very long to confirm the justification of the amount total of 5,500 Pesos.

[23]  Refer to NARA_AAD [U.S. National Archives and Records Administration, Access to Archival Data­bases], Record Code No. 3, Record Control No. YW14. Program year 1971, each USD 27,900.-, program initiator MAAG [Military Assistance Advisory Group] (Army), stock 1940002689954, described as “Boat Picket 37-45 ft”. The craft do not appear in NAVSHIPS 250-574-6.

                   [24].. A D.M.N.y A. order of 1 July 1978, referring to the planned scrapping, mentions the year 1972 of transfer under MAP (PAMA) and lists the technical data of the PT-110 series craft. After stressing the need to scrap the craft for their bad and irreparable state, it continues to order that the "engines, deck equipment, and nautical elements" be "recovered for installation in other steel-hulled craft with forms and characteristics similar to this type, and which are to be built by D.M.N.yA., the first of which is in process of construction". The author, however, has not been able to identify these "replacements".

                   [25].. The various U.S. Naval Attaché reports of that period do not provide details except report R68-44 (11 Dec, 1944) mentioning a length of 45 ft, and R 11-45 (17 Feb, 1945) which mentions these boats again, stating that "the six lend-lease picket boats are all anchored along shore at Sajonia, Paraguayan Naval Base at Asunción, and have not been used because of the shortage of fuel".

                        “Jane's 1949-50” lists these craft as ex-USCG 20417, 20418, 20419, 20421, 20422 and 20423, giving 45 tons displacement and 83 ft length. In fact, a photograph of the 83-ft patrol boat USCG 455 (later USCG 83305) found in the DICSA archive carries on the back the English pencil remark “The navy wants 10 of these”. Obviously, an intention to acquire up to 10 such craft had come to the attention of Jane’s but in the event the deal came to naught.

Later issues give 16 tons and 45 1/2 ft which would be consistent with R68-44. According to “Les Flottes de Combat 1968”, the power plant consisted of 2 gasoline engines of 290 PS (213 kW). However, if the USCG numbering scheme for their small craft, in which the first two digits denote the length, is taken as an assessment basis, the picket boats were only 20 ft long. With this figure one would arrive at a typical displacement between c. 2.5 and a maximum of c. 3.5 metric tonnes.

[26]  If not a typographical error, this had possibly been changed in conjunction with the construction of T 2, the planned sister of T 1 PRES. STROESSNER (q.v.).

[27]  Possibly INDEPENDENCIA.

                   [28].. “Conway's .....1906-1921” reports the Navy of 1919 as comprising the dispatch vessel TRIUNFO, the presidential yacht ADOLFO RIQUELME, and two armed steamers CONSTITUCIÓN and INDEPENDENCIA.

                   [29].. Renamed in memory of Tte. 1° de Marina Pelayo Pratt Gill, killed in action 2 April 1934 at Campo Jurado during the Chaco War.

[30]  CÁNDIDO DE LASALA (Q 43) was the former USS GUNSTON HALL (LSD-5), launched 1 May 1943 by the Moore Drydock Co., Oakland, Calif., and commissioned 10 Nov 1943. She was transferred to Argentina on 25 May 1970 at San Diego, Calif., and departed the base on 5 June for her delivery voyage which was via the Panama Canal and Guantánamo Bay.

[31]  NARA_AAD, Record Code 3, Record Control No. AJ59. Program year 1963, program initiator MAAG (Army). Stock 1905002677038, acquisition price USD 43,000.-. This was a hint by Mr. Bram Risseeuw.

[32]  Jane’s 1983/83 lists her as R-11 which is definitely incorrect since she is in the D.M.N. fleet engine list of 29 Nov 1978 carried as R-4.

                   [33].. YTL-559 is not listed in NAVSHIPS 250-574-6 (see bibliography), however. This source lists all vessels transferred abroad by the USN subsequent to WW II. On the other hand, there must already have been a tug R-4/A-4 in 1965 since YTL-211 assumed the designation R-5 upon her arrival in July of that year, and R-4 ex YTL-567 arrived only in 1974. The author assumes that this latter tug replaced an older R-4, of which there is no trace in Paraguayan files, however.

[34]  YTL-559 proper, delivered to the USN on 16 Nov 1945, was disposed of on 1 Apr 1971, and sold by Defense Re-Utilization and Marketing Service (DRMS) for scrapping.

[35]  GOYENA (A-3) was the former DRY TORTUGAS, a Maritime Commission V4-M-A1 ocean-going tug, built by Pendleton Shipyard Co., New Orleans, in 1943 as yard no. 104. Transferred to Argentina on 23 Apr 1965 at Norfolk, and departed in May in convoy with sister THOMPSON. The delivery voyage was via Jacksonville, Trinidad, and Rio de Janeiro.

                   [36].. First designation A-5 according to Jane's 1977/78.

[37]  470 tons, length 44.5 m o.a., 11 knots, 2-4.7in, 2 3pdr. Built Rio de Janeiro, laid down 1890, launched 1905, in service 1910, i.e. took 20 years to build.

[38]  THOMPSON (A-4) was the former SOMBRERO KEY, a Maritime Commission V4-M-A1 ocean-going tug, built by Pendleton Shipyard Co., New Orleans, in 1943 as yard no. 103. Transferred to Argentina on 23 Apr 1965 at Norfolk, and departed in May in convoy with sister GOYENA. The delivery voyage was via Jacksonville, Trinidad, and Rio de Janeiro.

[39].. As per NAVSHIPS 250-574-6 (see bibliography). This craft is also found in NARA_AAD, Record Code 3, Record Control No. YW15. Here it comes under the program year 1971, program initiator MAAG (Army), stock 1930003752964, acquisition price USD 6995.-, described as “Barge Deck Liq Cargo”.

                   [40].. There must have been additional barges, suggested by the gaps in the CH-numbering scheme, i.e. CH-5, CH-9, CH.A-1, CH.M-1, plus possibly others.

                   [41].. The dimensions as a "chata" differ from the ones given for the gunboat, but appear as such in three different Paraguayan documents. 

                   [42].. There is a third large rectangular opening without a hatch coaming between the cargo hatches where originally the superstructure and funnel casing were, i.e. where the original boilers and steam engines and later the diesels stood.

                   [43].. There must also have been P.N.-1 (NC. 2280) and P.N.-2 (NC. 2281), reckoning from the missing numbers.

 

 

Este sitio es publicado por Carlos Mey -  Martínez - Argentina